From Plants to Birds: Higher Avian Predation Rates in Trees Responding to Insect Herbivory

@article{Mntyl2008FromPT,
  title={From Plants to Birds: Higher Avian Predation Rates in Trees Responding to Insect Herbivory},
  author={Elina M{\"a}ntyl{\"a} and Giorgio Arturo Alessio and James D Blande and Juha Heijari and Jarmo K Holopainen and Toni Laaksonen and Panu Piirtola and Tero Klemola},
  journal={PLoS ONE},
  year={2008},
  volume={3},
  pages={1251 - 1253}
}
BACKGROUND An understanding of the evolution of potential signals from plants to the predators of their herbivores may provide exciting examples of co-evolution among multiple trophic levels. Understanding the mechanism behind the attraction of predators to plants is crucial to conclusions about co-evolution. For example, insectivorous birds are attracted to herbivore-damaged trees without seeing the herbivores or the defoliated parts, but it is not known whether birds use cues from herbivore… CONTINUE READING