# From Observations to Hypotheses: Probabilistic Reasoning Versus Falsificationism and its Statistical Variations

@article{DAgostini2004FromOT, title={From Observations to Hypotheses: Probabilistic Reasoning Versus Falsificationism and its Statistical Variations}, author={Giulio D'Agostini}, journal={arXiv: Data Analysis, Statistics and Probability}, year={2004} }

Testing hypotheses is an issue of primary importance in the scientific research, as well as in many other human activities. Much clarification about it can be achieved if the process of learning from data is framed in a stochastic model of causes and effects. Formulated with Poincare's words, the "essential problem of the experimental method" becomes then solving a "problem in the probability of causes", i.e. ranking the several hypotheses, that might be responsible for the observations, in…

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