From Keyword Search to Exploration: Designing Future Search Interfaces for the Web

  title={From Keyword Search to Exploration: Designing Future Search Interfaces for the Web},
  author={Max L. Wilson and Bill Kules and M. C. Schraefel and Ben Shneiderman},
  journal={Found. Trends Web Sci.},
This monograph is directed at researchers and developers who are designing the next generation of web search user interfaces, by focusing on the techniques and visualizations that allow users to interact with and have control over their findings. Search is one of the keys to the Web's success. The elegant way in which search results are returned has been well researched and is usually remarkably effective. However, the body of work produced by decades of research into information retrieval… 
The Effects of Adding Search Functionality to Interactive Visualizations on the Web
It is found that the presence of text-based search influences people's information-seeking goals, search can alter the data that people explore and how they engage with it, and the effects are amplified in visualizations where people are familiar with the underlying dataset.
Designing Multistage Search Systems to Support the Information Seeking Process
This chapter outlines a framework for complex task support, which explicitly connects the temporal development of complex tasks with different levels of support by SUI features and provides recommendations for designing more holistic SUIs which potentially evolve along with a user’s information seeking process.
Multiple perspective interactive search: a paradigm for exploratory search and information retrieval on the web
This article presents a novel presentation-interaction paradigm for exploratory web search which allows simultaneous and semantically correlated presentation of query results from different semantic perspectives and demonstrates the efficacy of this approach in query-retrieval scenarios involving complex information goals.
Information Visualization for Interactive Information Retrieval
The fundamental principles and theories of information visualization are established, how information visualization can support interactive information retrieval, and survey search interfaces from my own research that leverage information visualization techniques are explained.
Exploring knowledge graphs for exploratory search
A hybrid approach that combines the coherent content of text with the organized structure of graphs should be taken to better support information finding and sense making in exploratory search.
Study of result presentation and interaction for aggregated search
Results from the study suggested that the effect of the source-orientation was a significant factor in an aggregated search scenario, hence adding another dimension to the relevance space within the aggregatedsearch scenario.
The effect of search engine interface design on user perception
Which of the three well know search engines is the most popular (based on its interface), as well as to find a link between the search engines’ interface design and the user’s choices is found.
A Study on User-Controllable Social Exploratory Search
The interface incorporates control features that allow the user to express information needs by selecting keywords and to express preferences for incorporating social wisdom based on tag matching and user similarity in a user-controlled way consistent with the nature of exploratory search.
Interaction and User Interfaces
This chapter focuses on the users of MLIR/CLIR systems and highlights the issues involved in developing user interfaces, including what form of multilingual search assistance can help users and how to design an interface to support multilingual information access.
Interactive Data Visualization for Product Search
This research aims to analyze approaches for supporting the user in expressing a search query based on vague motives and ideas and in evaluating the search results in order to find a suitable search result.


Search User Interfaces
This book summarizes developments of the state of the art of search interface design, both in academic research and in deployment in commercial systems, presenting the most broadly acceptable make their way into major web search engines.
An analytical inspection framework for evaluating the search tactics and user profiles supported by information seeking interfaces
The primary contribution of this research has been to develop a usability evaluation method, in the form of a lightweight analytical inspection framework, that can assess both search designs and fully implemented systems.
A longitudinal study of exploratory and keyword search
There is real value in investing in exploratory search support, which was shown to be both popular and useful for extended use of the system, and there were more than five times as many facet clicks than more complex forms of keyword search.
Evaluating advanced search interfaces using established information-seeking models
A formative inspection framework is presented for the evaluation of advanced search interfaces through the quantification of the strengths and weaknesses of the interfaces in supporting user tactics and varying user conditions and demonstrates the potential value of this approach to interactive information retrieval evaluation.
Evaluation and evolution of a browse and search interface: relation browser
The design and an evaluation of a novel interface called the Relation Browser++ (RB++), which provides visualized category overviews of an information space and allows dynamic filtering and exploration of the result set by tightly coupling the browsing and searching functions, are presented.
Faceted metadata for image search and browsing
An alternative based on enabling users to navigate along conceptual dimensions that describe the images is presented, which makes use of hierarchical faceted metadata and dynamically generated query previews.
The Visual Exploration ofWeb Search Results Using HotMap
  • O. Hoeber, X. Yang
  • Computer Science
    Tenth International Conference on Information Visualisation (IV'06)
  • 2006
HotMap provides a compact visual representation of Web search results at two levels of detail, and supports the interactive exploration of WebSearch results.
Clustering-Based Visual Interfaces for Presentation of Web Search Results: An Empirical Investigation
There is promise in the use of clustering and visualization with a fisheye zooming capability in the exploration of web search results as well as a zoomable two-dimensional map (zoomable treemap) to improve the utility of the search experience.
Faceted Search
This lecture explores the history, theory, and practice of faceted search, and offers a self-contained treatment of the topic, with an extensive bibliography for those who would like to pursue particular aspects in more depth.
Exploratory Search: Beyond the Query-Response Paradigm
This lecture introduces exploratory search, relates it to relevant extant research, outline the features of exploratorySearch systems, discuss the evaluation of these systems, and suggest some future directions for supporting exploratorysearch.