From International to World Society?: English School Theory and the Social Structure of Globalisation

  title={From International to World Society?: English School Theory and the Social Structure of Globalisation},
  author={Barry Buzan},
In this 2004 book, Barry Buzan offers an extensive critique and reappraisal of the English school approach to International Relations. Starting on the neglected concept of world society and bringing together the international society tradition and the Wendtian mode of constructivism, Buzan offers a new theoretical framework that can be used to address globalisation as a complex political interplay among state and non-state actors. This approach forces English school theory to confront neglected… 
International society is to international system as world society is to …? Systemic and societal processes in English School theory
This article argues that the distinction between international system and international society within the English School of International Relations theory, originally put forward by Bull and Watson,
Revisiting world society
This paper revisits Buzan’s book (From international to world society? English school theory and the social structure of globalization, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2004), in the light of
The political international society: Change in primary and secondary institutions
Abstract This article intends to contribute to the theorising of institutional change. Specifically, it asks how dynamics in the ‘deep structure’ of international society correspond to changes in
Why is there no gender in the English School?
Abstract Why has English School theory, even as it has been re-imagined as critical international society theory, ignored the workings of gender in international politics? This article stages an
The Scandinavian International Society by Laust Schouenborg
The English School approach to International Relations (IR) has long been associated with their unique blend of normative and empirical enquiry. Their ‘showcase’ concept was of course that of
The Heartland of IR Theory? Central Asia as an ‘International Society’ Between Realism and Liberalism
Drawing on an English School approach, this chapter argues that in Central Asia there is less than a liberal would hope for, but more than a realist would think. Instead of being hopelessly marked by
Theorising the Causes of Order: Hedley Bull’s The Anarchical Society
The English School refers to the characterization of international politics that emphasizes the role of norms, rules, and laws in tempering the relations between states. Although its status as a
The Sociological Turn: Bringing the Domestic Analogy Back In
In an exemplary article, Buzan and Albert (2010), two leading scholars of International Relations (IR), employ insights from sociology in order to present their new theory of differentiation.
World society, international society and the colonization of Africa
This article utilizes an English School approach to examine the European colonization of Africa between 1871 and 1908. Drawing upon Clark's framework for understanding the relationship between world
The Development of International Relations Theory in the United Kingdom
British International Relations Theory (IRT) is distinguished by a concern with institutions and norms, and by an emphasis on history, philosophy and law rather than the formal methods of the social


From international system to international society: structural realism and regime theory meet the English school
The idea of international society is an essential element in the study of international relations. International society is the core concept of the English school and has not yet been systematically
International theory and international society: the viability of the middle way?
From the perspective of a particular kind of international theorizing, foundational questions about the nature of international society are a central concern. ‘Does the collectivity of sovereign
The English School's Contribution to the Study of International Relations
This article attempts to sketch the broad parameters of the English school's approach to International Relations. Rather than linking the English school to a via media and, in particular, to the idea
New Thinking on International Society
International society refers to the dominant diplomatic and normative discourse in the practice of world politics. At a minimum, its rules and institutions regulate interactions by sovereign
Social Theory of International Politics
Drawing upon philosophy and social theory, Social Theory of International Politics develops a theory of the international system as a social construction. Alexander Wendt clarifies the central claims
International Society
In a recent issue of Cooperation and Conflict, Ole Waever argued that `theoretical progress is hard to find in the work on international society'. This article seeks to challenge this verdict by
The Political Sociology of World Society
In taking up current discussions in IR, the article argues that behind the historical constitution of world society there is the still ongoing process of modernization. Based on sociological authors
International Society — Theoretical Promises Unfulfilled?
The English school in the study of international relations is characterized by its interest in `international society', i.e. a society formed by and of states developing rules and institutions for
Neorealism and the English School:
The aim of this article is to reassess the contribution made by members of the English School to the analysis of international relations in the light of Buzan's attempt to harness their analysis to
The assumption of anarchy in international relations theory: a critique *
‘ Anarchy is one of the most vague and ambiguous words in language.’ George Coreewall Lewis, 1832. In much current theorizing, anarchy has once again been declared to be the fundamental assumption