From Home to Hospital: The Evolution of Childbirth in the United States, 1927-1940

@article{Thomasson2004FromHT,
  title={From Home to Hospital: The Evolution of Childbirth in the United States, 1927-1940},
  author={Melissa A Thomasson and Jaret Treber},
  journal={Health \& the Economy eJournal},
  year={2004}
}
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Interventions that provided one-on-one contact and opportunities for follow-up care, such as home visits by nurses and the establishment of health clinics, reduced infant deaths more than did classes and conferences.
Modern Medicine and the 20th Century Decline in Mortality: Evidence on the Impact of Sulfa Drugs
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"The midwife must be abolished!": The Fall of Midwifery in Mid-Twentieth Century New Orleans
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References

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The contributions that birth and birthing women have made to the professionalization of American medicine and to the social and economic status of doctors during the past 200 years are explored.
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It is argued that the trend shift in black infant mortality rates in the South in the mid-1960s was driven by federally mandated desegregation efforts that opened up access to hospital care for black infants.
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Planned home birth for low risk women in North America using certified professional midwives was associated with lower rates of medical intervention but similar intrapartum and neonatal mortality to that of low risk hospital births in the United States.
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TLDR
Professor Williams shows in convincing medical and biographical detail that it is likely that the physical decay and death of each of them was hastened if not caused by the tertiary effects of syphilis, and there is almost no attempt to use the clinical reconstructions of the dismal lives of these writers as a beacon to illuminate their poetry and novels.
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Critics assert that a shift occurred in the medical profession's ideology and public positions after World War I when organized medicine began its active campaign against any government involvement in medical care or financing.
Physician Financial Incentives and Cesarean Section Delivery
TLDR
It is argued that the 13.5% fall in fertility over the 1970-1982 period led ob/gyns to substitute from normal childbirth toward a more highly reimbursed alternative, cesarean delivery.
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