From Ego Depletion to Vitality: Theory and Findings Concerning the Facilitation of Energy Available to the Self

  title={From Ego Depletion to Vitality: Theory and Findings Concerning the Facilitation of Energy Available to the Self},
  author={Richard M. Ryan and Edward L. Deci},
  journal={Social and Personality Psychology Compass},
  • R. Ryan, E. Deci
  • Published 1 March 2008
  • Psychology
  • Social and Personality Psychology Compass
Vitality, or the energy available to the self, is a salient and functionally significant indicator of health and motivation. Previous models (e.g., Baumeister & Vohs, 2007) have suggested how such energy can be depleted but have focused less on how it can be maintained or enhanced. In this article, we describe a model of energy and vitality based on self-determination theory (Ryan & Deci, 2000). We review substantial evidence that, whereas the self-controlling regulation of behavior depletes… 
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