From Data to Truth in Psychological Science. A Personal Perspective.


Over 30 years ago, Leonard Martin, Sabine Stepper, and I (Strack et al., 1988) conducted two studies to test the “facial feedback” hypothesis (Darwin, 1872). At the time, the hypothesis itself, namely that facial expressionsmay affect emotional experiences, was well established and frequently tested (e.g., Leventhal andMace, 1970; Laird, 1974). However, the… (More)
DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2017.00702


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