From Bio to Nano: Learning Lessons from the UK Agricultural Biotechnology Controversy

@article{Kearnes2006FromBT,
  title={From Bio to Nano: Learning Lessons from the UK Agricultural Biotechnology Controversy},
  author={Matthew Kearnes and Robin Grove-White and Phil Macnaghten and James Wilsdon and Brian Wynne},
  journal={Science as Culture},
  year={2006},
  volume={15},
  pages={291 - 307}
}
In this paper we develop an analysis of the public and political controversy which overtook genetically modified (GM) foods and crops in the UK in the 1990s and identify some key lessons for the future regulation and governance of nanotechnologies. Given the starkness of the ‘GM Controversy’, it is not surprising that there is now speculation in many quarters as to whether nanotechnologies might not be expected to experience a similarly rough passage. Here, it is suggested, is a further… 
A One Health approach to managing the applications and implications of nanotechnologies in agriculture
TLDR
This Perspective outlines the need for a combined approach to regulate health and environmental risks under the same framework and proposes that a transdisciplinary approach, underpinned by the One Health concept, is needed to support the sustainable development of these technologies.
Nanotechnology - The Mantra of Present and Future in Agriculture and Food
The benefit of use of nanotechnology in agriculture is evident by the increase in productivity, decrease in residue, production of more safe and nutritious food. It can thus be used as an effective
Insight into Animal Cloning and the Food Chain: a Qualitative Examination of Key Opinion Leaders and a Cross Section of the Irish Public.
TLDR
The results indicate that formal discussion on the use and implications of animal cloning in food production had not occurred within key opinion leader organisations and among the Irish public, key findings on the receptivity to cloning included animal welfare aspects, varying interpretations on modern agriculture and the influence of science-fiction on the reception of new technologies.
Environmental Reform Organizations and Undone Science in the United States: Exploring the Environmental, Health, and Safety Implications of Nanotechnology
Environmental organizations have raised concerns about the environmental, health, and safety (EHS) implications of the hundreds of products containing nanomaterials that are now on the market. In the
Seeing GMOs from a Systems Perspective: The Need for Comparative Cartographies of Agri/Cultures for Sustainability Assessment
Over the past twenty years, agricultural biotechnologies have generated chronically unresolved political controversies. The standard tool of risk assessment has proven to be highly limited in its
Would You Mind, If We Record This? Perceptions on Regulation and Responsibility among Indian Nanoscientists
Looking at our knowledge of the risks associated with nanotechnology, one wonders to what degree should its products and applications be regulated? Do we need any governing body to regulate
Crystallizing the nanotechnology debate
TLDR
It is argued that nanotechnology is erroneously treated as homogeneous and is under-analysed; it is the very diversity and transdisciplinary nature of nanotechnology that makes it distinctive and interesting to social science enquiry.
Title Engaging scientists : An online survey exploring the experience of innovative biotechnological approaches to controlling vector-borne diseases
TLDR
A global survey on scientists working on aspects of vector-borne diseases exploring their knowledge and awareness of an emerging biotechnology that has the potential to revolutionize the control of pest insect populations indicates that there is scope to strengthen already effective methods of communication and to develop new, creative modes of public engagement.
On Nanotechnology and Ambivalence: The Politics of Enthusiasm
The promise of scientific and technological innovation – particularly in fields such as nanotechnology – is increasingly set against what has been articulated as a deficit in public trust in both the
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 71 REFERENCES
Governing at the Nanoscale: People, Policies and Emerging Technologies
Based on a two-year ESRC-funded project by Demos and Lancaster University, this report examines the technical and social implications of nanotechnologies. Rapid advances in nanotechnologies are
GM food and crops: what went wrong in the UK?
TLDR
What actually went wrong in the debate about GM food and crops in Europe and how these foods have earned such a bad name could help to overcome public fears of this technology, and help scientists and policy makers to address similar concerns in the future.
Social and Ethical Issues in Nanotechnology: Lessons from Biotechnology and Other High Technologies
TLDR
The ability to custom build portions of DNA and other chemicals bit by bit and the potential to create machines that can interact with, or even penetrate cells of a living organism, will have a profound affect on biotechnology.
Regulating biotechnological risk, straining Britain's consultative style
Public controversy has intensifed over the environmental effects of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) amid contending accounts of sustainable agriculture. In regulating these products, the UK has
Finding a Precautionary Approach to Technological Developments – Lessons for the Evaluation of GM Crops
The introduction of genetically modified (GM) crops and foods into Europe has generated considerable controversy. Despite a risk assessment system that is intended to beprecautionary in nature, the
Between risk and precaution – reassessing the future of GM crops
The trans-Atlantic controversy that erupted in 1999 between proponents and opponents of genetically modiŽed (GM) crops has been framed in sharply dualistic terms more appropriate to a Manichean than
UK: precautionary commercialization?
As genetically modified (GM) products approach the market stage, the UK government and agro-food industry have faced a suspicious or hostile public. Since 1998 many retail chains have undertaken to
From Biotechnology to Nanotechnology: What Can We Learn from Earlier Technologies?
Using Canada as a case study, this article argues that regulating biotechnology and nanotechnology is made unnecessarily complex and inherently unstable because of a failure to consult the public
GM Foods and the Misperception of Risk Perception
TLDR
Data from the Eurobarometer survey on biotechnology is used to explore the hypothesis that it is not so much the perception of risks as the absence of benefits that is the basis of the widespread rejection of GM foods and crops by the European public.
...
...