From Balance of Nature to Hierarchical Patch Dynamics: A Paradigm Shift in Ecology

@article{Wu1995FromBO,
  title={From Balance of Nature to Hierarchical Patch Dynamics: A Paradigm Shift in Ecology},
  author={Jianguo Wu and Orie L. Loucks},
  journal={The Quarterly Review of Biology},
  year={1995},
  volume={70},
  pages={439 - 466}
}
A common assumption historically in ecology is evident in the term "balance of nature." The phrase usually implies that undisturbed nature is ordered and harmonius, and that ecological systems return to a previous equilibrium after disturbances. The more recent concepts of point equilibrium and static stability, which characterize the classical equilibrium paradigm in ecology, are traceable to the assumptions implicit in "balance of nature." The classical equilibrium view, however, has failed… 
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