From Aristotle to Contemporary Biological Classification: What Kind of Category is “Sex”?

@article{Sandford2019FromAT,
  title={From Aristotle to Contemporary Biological Classification: What Kind of Category is “Sex”?},
  author={Stella Sandford},
  journal={Redescriptions: Political Thought, Conceptual History and Feminist Theory},
  year={2019}
}
  • Stella Sandford
  • Published 3 December 2019
  • Philosophy
  • Redescriptions: Political Thought, Conceptual History and Feminist Theory
This paper examines the nature of the categories of ‘male’ and ‘female’ as classificatory groupings, via an examination of this question in Aristotle’s zoology and metaphysics. Tracing the use of Aristotle’s logical categories of ‘genus’ and ‘species’ in his zoological works and contrasting this with the use of the terms in contemporary taxonomy, the paper shows that ‘male’ and ‘female’ are, in a significant sense, unclassifiable categories. Although Aristotle has no generic concept of ‘sex’ at… 
Phylogenetic Signal in Characters from Aristotle’s History of Animals
TLDR
This study suggests that even though taxonomy was clearly not Aristotle’s chief interest in Historia animalium, it was probably among his secondary interests, and may pave the way for further taxonomic studies in Aristotle's zoological writings in general.

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