From Anti-Westernism to Anti-Semitism: Stalin and the Impact of the Anti-Cosmopolitan Campaigns on Soviet Culture

  title={From Anti-Westernism to Anti-Semitism: Stalin and the Impact of the Anti-Cosmopolitan Campaigns on Soviet Culture},
  author={Konstantin Azadovskii and Boris Fedorovich Egorov},
  journal={Journal of Cold War Studies},
As the Cold War gathered pace in the late 1940s, the Soviet Union adopted an anti-Western orientation in cultural affairs. By 1949 this orientation had shifted toward overt anti-Semitism. The "anticosmopolitan" campaigns of 1949, initiated by Josif Stalin, served the interests of Soviet foreign policy and bolstered Stalin's position vis-à-vis his subordinates. For the Soviet scholarly and cultural communities, however, the campaigns were gravely damaging. This episode illustrates the link… 
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For a telling example of this, see the ªrst hand account in P
  • Vyshgorod (Tallinn)
  • 1998
Leningrad: Nauka, 1970); and a dissertation by G. Ya. Chechel'nitska
  • Russkaya Literatura v tvorchestve Ril'ke
Aleksandr Veselovskii i russkaya literatura (Leningrad: Izdatel'stvo Leningradskogo Universiteta
  • 1946
Protiv burzhuaznoi kosmopolitizma v literaturovedenii
  • Literaturnaya gazeta (Moscow)
See also Aleksandr Borshchagovskii, Zapiski balovnya sudby (Moscow: Sovetskii pisatel
    Vospityvat' nauchnye kadry v dukhe bol'shevistskoi partiinosti
    • Leningradskaya pravda
    Protiv idealizatsii reaktsionnykh vzglyadov Dostoevskogo