From “Different” to “Similar”

  title={From “Different” to “Similar”},
  author={Ariela Schachter},
  journal={American Sociological Review},
  pages={1013 - 981}
Assimilation is theorized as a multi-stage process where the structural mobility of immigrants and their descendants ultimately leads to established and immigrant-origin populations developing a subjective sense of social similarity with one another, an outcome I term symbolic belonging. Yet existing work offers little systematic evidence as to whether and how immigrants’ gains—in terms of language ability, socioeconomic status, neighborhood integration, or intermarriage—cause changes in the… 

Figures from this paper

Toward a Du Boisian Framework of Immigrant Incorporation: Racialized Contexts, Relational Identities, and Muslim American Collective Action

Answering longstanding questions about the relationship between immigrant identity, collective action, and societal incorporation requires a dynamic theory that integrates these micro, meso, and

Assimilation and the Second Generation in Europe and America: Blending and Segregating Social Dynamics Between Immigrants and Natives

The diversity induced by migration flows to Western societies has continued to generate scholarly attention, and a sizable new body of work on immigrant incorporation has been produced in the past

This Land Is (Not) Your Land: Race and Ascripted Americanness in the Formation of Attitudes about Immigrants

ABSTRACT Race consistently patterns anti-immigrant bias. However, it is less clear if all racial groups define “being American” in the same way. This work explores the ways ascribed characteristics

(Il)legality and psychosocial well-being: Central Asian migrant women in Russia

ABSTRACT Legal status has shown far-reaching consequences for international migrants’ incorporation trajectories and outcomes in Western contexts. In dialogue with the extant research, we examine the

The Tradeoff of Temporariness: Economic and Social Impacts of H-2A Status on Mexican Migrant Men

As the H-2A visa program expands to become a core component of contemporary Mexican migration to the United States, questions emerge about the tradeoffs migrants face between temporary and

Hiding within racial hierarchies: how undocumented immigrants make residential decisions in an American city

ABSTRACT In the United States, the residential segregation of Latinos from whites has persisted but has fallen between Latinos and blacks. Demographers offer the size of the Latino population that is

The impact of intergroup contact on attitudes towards immigrants: a case study of Australia

The evidence presented in this study suggests that without sufficient political and policy sensitization to the issues for immigrants living in political jurisdictions with different shares of minority populations, there could be detrimental social and political impacts to both immigrants and society more generally.

Growing U.S. Ethnoracial Diversity: A Positive or Negative Societal Dynamic?

Solving problems of race relations in the United States requires avoiding binary ethnoracial classifications and understanding the nature, extent, and consequences of today’s diversity resulting from

Disentangling the Effects of Race and Place in Economic Transactions: Findings from an Online Field Experiment

Scholarship on discrimination consistently shows that non–Whites are at a disadvantage in obtaining goods and services relative to Whites. To a lesser extent, recent work has asked whether or not



The Educational Legacy of Unauthorized Migration: Comparisons across U.S.-Immigrant Groups in how Parents’ Status Affects Their Offspring 1

Comparing several national-origin groups in terms of how parents’ entry, legalization and naturalization statuses relate to their children's educational attainment shows that Asian immigrant groups almost universally exhibit similar father–mother migration statuses and high educational attainment among children.

Remaking the American Mainstream: Assimilation and Contemporary Immigration

In this age of multicultural democracy, the idea of assimilation - that the social distance separating immigrants and their children from the mainstream of American society closes over time - seems

Migration and spatial assimilation among u.s. latinos: Classical versus segmented trajectories

Findings confirm the central tenets of spatial assimilation theory: Latino residential mobility into neighborhoods that are inhabited by greater percentages of non-Hispanic whites increases with human and financial capital and English-language use and point to variations in the residential mobility process among Latinos that are broadly consistent with the segmented assimilation perspective on ethnic and immigrant incorporation.

The Limits of Spatial Assimilation for Immigrants’ Full Integration

Residential integration with the dominant native-born population is believed to be a crucial stage in immigrants’ overall assimilation process. It is argued that without residential integration it

The Hidden American Immigration Consensus: A Conjoint Analysis of Attitudes Toward Immigrants

A large literature has examined the factors that influence immigration attitudes. Yet prior tests have considered only a few immigrant attributes at a time, limiting their capacity to test several

Dropping the Hyphen? Becoming Latino(a)-American through Racialized Assimilation

Early assimilation theorists predicted the eventual loss of ethnic distinctiveness for immigrants in the United States. In this paper, the author not only questions the possibilities that Latino and

Warmth of the Welcome: Attitudes toward Immigrants and Immigration Policy.

Empirical research on attitudes toward immigrants and racial groups formed by recent waves of immigrants resonate with the dynamic nature of Blumer's (1958) theory of prejudice as a sense of relative group position.

Neighborhood Immigration and Native Out-Migration

The likelihood of out-mobility for native householders is significantly and positively associated with the relative size of, and increases in, the immigrant population in a neighborhood, consistent with theoretical arguments related to the distance dependence of mobility.

Barrios to Burbs: The Making of the Mexican American Middle Class

The narrative that dominates political discussions of immigration is typically defined by low-skilled Mexicans who crossed the U.S. border as unauthorized immigrants to toil in physically-demanding

Native Out-Migration and Neighborhood Immigration in New Destinations

The tendency to move away from immigrants is pronounced for natives living in metropolitan areas that are developing into a major gateway—that is, a community that has experienced rapid recent growth in foreign-born populations.