From ‘character‐training’ to ‘personal growth’: the early history of Outward Bound 1941–1965

  title={From ‘character‐training’ to ‘personal growth’: the early history of Outward Bound 1941–1965},
  author={M. Freeman},
  journal={History of Education},
  pages={21 - 43}
  • M. Freeman
  • Published 2010
  • Sociology
  • History of Education
This article examines the approach to ‘character training’ in the early years of the Outward Bound movement in Britain between c.1940 and c.1965. It examines the key components of the concept of ‘character‐training’ promoted in the Outward Bound schools by Kurt Hahn and his early followers, and some of the criticisms to which the four‐week courses were subjected. It goes on to examine the reassessment of the rhetoric and practices of Outward Bound that took place in the 1960s, and argues that… Expand
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The character training industry
In the March issue, John Wellens reviewed Roberts, White and Parker's study of THE CHARACTER‐TRAINING INDUSTRY. One of the statements in the book with which issue may be taken was that courseExpand
The Juno group of Iris, comprising some 57 species, is a morphologically convincing assemblage, occurring in the Mediterranean region eastwards into western and central Asia. Expand
For a recent discussion, see Lodewijk van Oord
  • Oxford Review of Education
  • 2010
From Camp School to Outdoor Centre
  • 2002
Press cutting, n.d
  • 1960