From 'third pole' to north pole: a Himalayan origin for the arctic fox.

@article{Wang2014FromP,
  title={From 'third pole' to north pole: a Himalayan origin for the arctic fox.},
  author={Xiaoming Wang and Zhijie Jack Tseng and Qiang Li and Gary T. Takeuchi and Guangpu Xie},
  journal={Proceedings. Biological sciences},
  year={2014},
  volume={281 1787}
}
The 'third pole' of the world is a fitting metaphor for the Himalayan-Tibetan Plateau, in allusion to its vast frozen terrain, rivalling the Arctic and Antarctic, at high altitude but low latitude. Living Tibetan and arctic mammals share adaptations to freezing temperatures such as long and thick winter fur in arctic muskox and Tibetan yak, and for carnivorans, a more predatory niche. Here, we report, to our knowledge, the first evolutionary link between an Early Pliocene (3.60-5.08 Myr ago… CONTINUE READING

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