Friends: The Role of Peer Influence Across Adolescent Risk Behaviors

  title={Friends: The Role of Peer Influence Across Adolescent Risk Behaviors},
  author={Kimberly A. Maxwell},
  journal={Journal of Youth and Adolescence},
This longitudinal project examined peer influence across five risk behaviors: cigarette smoking, alcohol consumption, marijuana use, tobacco chewing, and sexual debut. A total of 1,969 adolescents aged 12–18 years completed two waves of data collection. Each respondent matched behavior data for at least one friend. Results found that a random same sex peer predicts a teen's risk behavior initiation; there is influence only to initiate cigarette and marijuana use; and that there is influence to… 
The Peer Group Context of Sexual Behaviors among Ghanaian Youth
Little is known about the influences of friends and peers on the sexual and condom use behaviors of youth in sub-Saharan Africa. Using longitudinal survey data from two towns in southeastern Ghana,
Sexual Risk Behavior Among Black Adolescents
This study investigates sexual risk behavior among a national sample of Black adolescents. While risky behavior among black adolescents has been studied, many studies are limited methodologically,
Harsh Parenting, Deviant Peers, Adolescent Risky Behavior: Understanding the Meditational Effect of Attitudes and Intentions.
Results indicated that parenting and deviant peers was related to engagement in tobacco use, alcohol use, and risky sexual behaviors and attitudes and intentions mediated this relationship even after parent use and adolescent early involvement in these behaviors were taken into account.
The Myth of Peer Influence in Adolescent Smoking Initiation
  • J. Arnett
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Health education & behavior : the official publication of the Society for Public Health Education
  • 2007
A new model of the role of peers in smoking initiation is offered, with an emphasis on how adolescents' characteristics lead to the selection of their friends, who then provide a peer context that may or may not support smoking.
Recent Findings on Peer Group Influences on Adolescent Smoking
This review indicates the following with respect to adolescent smoking: substantial peer group homogeneity of smoking behavior; support for both socialization and selection effects, although evidence is somewhat stronger for selection.
Social Support and Risky Sexual Behavior among Adolescents: The Protective Role of Parents and Best Friends
Parents and best friends provide social support to adolescents that can protect them from risky sexual behaviors. Although past research has examined various factors related to parents, the benefits


Mediators in the Relationship Between Parental and Peer Characteristics and Beer Drinking by Early Adolescents1
Social learning theory suggests that parents and peers influence adolescent drinking directly by providing social reinforcement and models for imitation, and indirectly by first influencing various
Peer influence on smoking initiation during early adolescence: a comparison of group members and group outsiders.
Results indicated that teenagers may view smoking as a vehicle for entering a desired friendship group and ways that prevention programs might address this mechanism for adolescent smoking initiation are suggested.
Close friend and group influence on adolescent cigarette smoking and alcohol use.
No difference in the amount of influence, was found between stable and unstable close friendships or friendship groups; neither grade nor gender of the adolescents related to the amount-of- influence.
Attitudinal and social factors in adolescent smoking: In search of peer group influence.
Administered a questionnaire to 2 samples of British 15-yr-old secondary school students: 178 Ss in an all-male school and 41 females and 59 males in a coeducational school. The measure investigated
A network of influences on adolescent drug involvement: neighborhood, school, peer, and family.
Investigation of the interrelationship of neighborhood, school, peer, and family factors and adolescent drug involvement found risk factors in the adolescents' peer environment can be ameliorated by protective factors in their school environment.
Antecedents of adolescent initiation into stages of drug use: A developmental analysis
The social psychological antecedents of entry into three sequential stages of adolescent drug use, hard liquor, marihuana, and other illicit drugs, are examined in a cohort of high school students in
The contribution of influence and selection to adolescent peer group homogeneity: the case of adolescent cigarette smoking.
Social network analysis was used to identify peer groups (cliques), clique liaisons, and isolates among adolescents in 5 schools at 2 data collection rounds and suggested the importance of using social network analysis in studies of peer group influence and selection.
Peer group conformity in adolescent smoking and its relationship to affiliation and autonomy needs
The role of peer group conformity in adolescent cigarette smoking was investigated in children attending a rural high school. Analysis of questionnaire responses and sociometric data showed
Adolescent health behaviour and similarity-attraction: friends share smoking habits (really), but much else besides.
It is concluded that these data argue against a simplistic view of unidirectional 'peer group influence' and invite an interpretation of friendship choice based on multiple dimensions of similarity.