Frequency of and risk factors for epistaxis associated with exercise-induced pulmonary hemorrhage in horses: 251,609 race starts (1992-1997).

@article{Takahashi2001FrequencyOA,
  title={Frequency of and risk factors for epistaxis associated with exercise-induced pulmonary hemorrhage in horses: 251,609 race starts (1992-1997).},
  author={Toshio Takahashi and Atsushi Hiraga and Hajime Ohmura and Makoto Kai and James H. Jones},
  journal={Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association},
  year={2001},
  volume={218 9},
  pages={1462-4}
}
OBJECTIVE To determine the frequency of epistaxis during or after racing among racehorses and identify factors associated with development of epistaxis. DESIGN Retrospective study. SAMPLE POPULATION 247,564 Thoroughbred and 4,045 Anglo-Arab race starts. PROCEDURE Race start information (breed, age, sex, racing distance, and race type) was obtained for Thoroughbred and Anglo-Arab horses racing in Japan Racing Association-sanctioned races between 1992 and 1997. All horses that raced were… CONTINUE READING

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