Frequency-multiplexed bias and readout of a 16-pixel superconducting nanowire single-photon detector array

@article{Doerner2017FrequencymultiplexedBA,
  title={Frequency-multiplexed bias and readout of a 16-pixel superconducting nanowire single-photon detector array},
  author={Steffen Doerner and Artem Kuzmin and Stefan Wuensch and Ilya Charaev and Florian Boes and Thomas Zwick and M. Siegel},
  journal={Applied Physics Letters},
  year={2017},
  volume={111},
  pages={032603}
}
We demonstrate a 16-pixel array of microwave-current driven superconducting nanowire single-photon detectors with an integrated and scalable frequency-division multiplexing architecture, which reduces the required number of bias and readout lines to a single microwave feed line. The electrical behavior of the photon-sensitive nanowires, embedded in a resonant circuit, as well as the optical performance and timing jitter of the single detectors is discussed. Besides the single pixel measurements… 

Figures from this paper

Single-channel electronic readout of a multipixel superconducting nanowire single photon detector.

TLDR
It is shown that, given some permissible error threshold, the number of pixels that can be reliably read out scales linearly with the intrinsic signal-to-noise ratio of the individual pixel response.

Single-channel electronic readout of a multipixel superconducting nanowire single photon detector

We present a time-over-threshold readout technique to count the number of activated pixels from an array of superconducting nanowire single photon detectors (SNSPDs). This technique maintains the

Amplitude-multiplexed readout of single photon detectors based on superconducting nanowires

The realization of large-scale photonic circuit for quantum optics experiments at telecom wavelengths requires an increasing number of integrated detectors. Superconductive nanowire single photon

Kilopixel array of superconducting nanowire single-photon detectors.

TLDR
A 1024-element near-infrared imaging array of superconducting nanowire single photon detectors (SNSPDs) using a 32×32 row-column multiplexing architecture is presented, making it the largest SNSPD array reported to date in terms of both active area and pixel count.

A scalable multi-photon coincidence detector based on superconducting nanowires

TLDR
A two-terminal coincidence detector is introduced that enables scalable readout of an array of detector segments based on superconducting nanowire microstrip transmission line and will be particularly useful for multi-photon coincidence detection in large-scale photonic integrated circuits.

Scalable implementation of a superconducting nanowire single-photon detector array with a superconducting digital signal processor.

TLDR
A new readout scheme is proposed to realize a large-scale imaging array based on SSPD, where a row-column readout architecture is combined with a digital signal processor based on a single-flux-quantum (SFQ) circuit.

A 16-Pixel Interleaved Superconducting Nanowire Single-Photon Detector Array With A Maximum Count Rate Exceeding 1.5 GHz

Increasing the count rate (CR) is one of the key issues in the development of superconducting nanowire single-photon detectors (SNSPDs) for different applications. This study aims to design,

Scaling waveguide-integrated superconducting nanowire single-photon detector solutions to large numbers of independent optical channels

Superconducting nanowire single-photon detectors are an enabling technology for modern quantum information science and are gaining attractiveness for the most demanding photon counting tasks in other

Demonstration of Microwave Multiplexed Readout of DC-Biased Superconducting Nanowire Detectors

Superconducting nanowires are widely used as sensitive single photon detectors with wide spectral coverage and high timing resolution. We describe a demonstration of an array of dc-biased

Progress on large-scale superconducting nanowire single-photon detectors

Superconducting nanowires have emerged as a powerful tool for detecting single photons in the visible and near-infrared range with excellent device performance metrics. We outline challenges and
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 18 REFERENCES

A near-infrared 64-pixel superconducting nanowire single photon detector array with integrated multiplexed readout

We demonstrate a 64-pixel free-space-coupled array of superconducting nanowire single photon detectors optimized for high detection efficiency in the near-infrared range. An integrated, readily

Operation of Superconducting Nanowire Single-Photon Detectors Embedded in Lumped-Element Resonant Circuits

We propose a new operation principle for superconducting nanowire single-photon detectors (SNSPDs) enabling an efficient frequency-division multiplexing of the bias and readout signals of a large

Operation of Multipixel Radio-Frequency Superconducting Nanowire Single-Photon Detector Arrays

The concept of the radio-frequency superconducting nanowire single-photon detector (RF-SNSPD) allows frequency-division multiplexing of the bias and readout lines of several SNSPDs. Using this

Time-Tagged Multiplexing of Serially Biased Superconducting Nanowire Single-Photon Detectors

We present a concept for a time-tagged multiplexed readout of several superconducting nanowire single-photon detector elements for small arrays in ultra-short pulsed laser applications. The detector

Superconducting single photon detectors integrated with single flux quantum readout circuits in a cryocooler

We report the operation of superconducting single photon detectors (SSPDs) with integrated readout electronics based on a single-flux-quantum (SFQ) circuit. The SSPDs were connected to a SFQ readout

Superconducting nanowire single-photon detectors: physics and applications

Single-photon detectors based on superconducting nanowires (SSPDs or SNSPDs) have rapidly emerged as a highly promising photon-counting technology for infrared wavelengths. These devices offer high

Single-photon imager based on a superconducting nanowire delay line

A superconducting nanowire acting as a single-photon detector and as a microwave delay line is used to demonstrate an imaging device at the single-photon level with sub-20-µm spatial resolution and

Frequency multiplexed superconducting quantum interference device readout of large bolometer arrays for cosmic microwave background measurements.

TLDR
A frequency-domain multiplexed readout system which has been developed for and deployed on the APEX-SZ and South Pole Telescope millimeter wavelength receivers, which is remarkably insensitive to unwanted microphonic excitations, and provides a technology pathway to multiplexing larger numbers of sensors.

Counting near-infrared single-photons with 95% efficiency.

TLDR
The fabrication and evaluation of a fiber-coupled, photon-number-resolving TES detector optimized for absorption at 1550 and 1310 nm wavelengths is described, which to the authors' knowledge is the highest system detection efficiency reported for a near-infrared single-photon detector.

Proof of concept of fiber dispersed Raman spectroscopy using superconducting nanowire single-photon detectors.

TLDR
First results of Raman spectra measured in the time domain using gradient index fibers of varying length are shown.