Frequency and Factors Effecting Non Clearance of Lower Pole Renal Stones.


BACKGROUND Renal stone disease is a major health hazard in Pakistan and extra-corporeal shockwave lithofripsy is one of comprehensive method used to treat these stones. The aim of this study is to determine the frequency of factors affecting the non-clearance of stone fragments of lower pole renalstone after extra corporeal shockwave lithotripsy. The study… (More)