Freezing as a Path to Build Complex Composites

@article{Deville2006FreezingAA,
  title={Freezing as a Path to Build Complex Composites},
  author={Sylvain Deville and Eduardo Saiz and Ravi K. Nalla and Antoni P. Tomsia},
  journal={Science},
  year={2006},
  volume={311},
  pages={515 - 518}
}
Materials that are strong, ultralightweight, and tough are in demand for a range of applications, requiring architectures and components carefully designed from the micrometer down to the nanometer scale. Nacre, a structure found in many molluscan shells, and bone are frequently used as examples for how nature achieves this through hybrid organic-inorganic composites. Unfortunately, it has proven extremely difficult to transcribe nacre-like clever designs into synthetic materials, partly… 

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