Freedom and Unfreedom in Rural Development: Julius Nyerere, Ujamaa Vijijini, and Villagization

  title={Freedom and Unfreedom in Rural Development: Julius Nyerere, Ujamaa Vijijini, and Villagization},
  author={Leander Schneider},
  journal={Canadian Journal of African Studies/La Revue canadienne des {\'e}tudes africaines},
  pages={344 - 392}
  • L. Schneider
  • Published 1 January 2004
  • Political Science
  • Canadian Journal of African Studies/La Revue canadienne des études africaines
ResumeCet article analyse le role du president Julius Nyerere dans la campagne de “villagification” de la Tanzanie rurale. J’y demontre que Nyerere a joue un role de premier plan en orientant le developpement rural dans ce pays vers une voie de plus en plus coercitive — une approche qu’il avait publiquement denonce auparavant. Il est important de reconnaitre ce genre de paradoxe et contradiction entre autres parce que ceci mene a des questionnements allant au-dela des themes limites a la seule… 

Les villages tanzaniens ujamaa 40 ans plus tard : moralisation et commémoration du collectivisme

Entre 1967 et 1977, quelque 10 millions de Tanzaniens ont ete deplaces de leur terre affermee et regroupes dans des villages ujamaa (litteralement, familyhood) bâtis par suite d’une decision

Julius Nyerere, Ujamaa, and Political Morality in Contemporary Tanzania

Abstract: Since the 2000s, Tanzania has witnessed the return in the public sphere of a reconfigured version of Ujamaa as a set of moral principles embodied in the figure of the first president of

Again, making Tanzania great: Magufuli’s restorationist developmental nationalism

ABSTRACT This article is about how ideologies legitimize authoritarianism. The literature argues that liberation nationalists discursively construct “liberation” as an ongoing struggle and justify

Revisiting Ujamaa: Political Legitimacy and the Construction of Community in Post-Colonial Tanzania

Abstract Tanzania's post-colonial social and economic policies, often referred to with the shorthand term of ujamaa and variously translated as ‘familyhood’ or ‘African socialism’, have attracted the

Julius Nyerere, Tanzanian Elites, and the Project of African Socialism

In 1965, W. Arthur Lewis, one of the founders of the field of development economics and a consultant with numerous African governments, published a set of three lectures under the title Politics in

Polanyi and Post-neoliberalism in the Global South: Dilemmas of Re-embedding the Economy

Although Karl Polanyi Studied a different epoch and focused on Europe, his ideas have inspired an outpouring of studies on contemporary problems and prospects in the neoliberal era. The bulk of these

Urban-bias and the Roots of Political Instablity: The case for the strategic importance of the rural periphery in sub-Saharan Africa

Military interventions continue to be pervasive in Africa. Thirty out of forty-eight sub-Saharan states have experienced at least one successful coup. Nor have these numbers abated. In the 21st

Colonial Legacies and Postcolonial Authoritarianism in Tanzania: Connects and Disconnects

Abstract: Through an examination of the Tanzanian experience, this article takes up a challenge forcefully posed by Mahmood Mamdani's Citizen and Subject to examine connections between late colonial

Mwalimu Julius Kambarage Nyerere's philosophy, contribution, and legacies

This article discusses Nyerere's African socialism (ujamaa), philosophy of education for total liberation of society, and philosophy of Pan-Africanism. The article argues that by actively using

Post-colonial Nation-building and Southern African Liberation: Tanzania and the Break of Diplomatic Relations with the United Kingdom, 1965–1968

Abstract On 15 December 1965 Tanzania broke off diplomatic relations with the United Kingdom (UK) because of Harold Wilson's policy towards Rhodesia's Unilateral Declaration of Independence (UDI).



Ujamaa Revisited: Indigenous and European Influences in Nyerere's Social and Political Thought

Abstract The debate over the indigenous versus the European roots of ‘African democracy’ has regained importance recently. Using the critical tools of cultural anthropology, the social and political

Ujamaa and rural socialism

Tanzania's policy of Ujamaa Vijijini aimed at bringing peasant producers together in villages for co‐operative production. At first the policy was voluntaristic, stressing that the peasants

Mwalimu: The Influence of Nyerere

The person Nyerere, The Rt Rev Trevor Huddleston, CR approach to rural mass poverty, Irene and Ronald Brown the management of rural and tribal diversity, C.K. Omari contribution to rural development

Participation: the New Tyranny?

* 1. The Case for Participation as Tyranny - Bill Cooke and Uma Kothari * 2. 'People's Knowledge', Participation and Patronage: Operations and Representations in Rural Development - David Mosse * 3.

Process, Perception and Power: Notes from ‘Participatory’ Research in a Zimbabwean Resettlement Area

The increased popularity of ‘participatory’ methods in research, development projects, and rural extension in developing countries, has not consistently been accompanied by a critical evaluation of

Agricultural policies in Mainland Tanzania

The years 1946–76 cover the last fifteen years of colonial rule in Tanganyika, and the first fifteen years of Independence. In that period Governments attempted a wide range of policies relating to

Colonial Bureaucracy and Creating Underdevelopment: Tanganyika, 1919-1940

Colonial Bureaucracy And Creating Underdevelopment Tanganyika 1919 1940 When somebody should go to the book stores, search commencement by shop, shelf by shelf, it is in reality problematic. This is

The Tanzanian Villagisation Programme: Its Impract on Household Production in Dodoma

During the 1970s the Tanzanian state changed the pace of its intervention in civil society with the compulsory villagisation programme. Until recently the predominant pattern of settlement in rural

Seeing Like a State: How Certain Schemes to Improve the Human Condition Have Failed

In this wide-ranging and original book, James C. Scott analyzes failed cases of large-scale authoritarian plans in a variety of fields. He argues that centrally managed social plans derail when they

Tanzania: A Political Economy

Tanzania in the 1970s was at the forefront of policy innovation. Near-universal primary education, access to health services and supplies of clean water subsequently became mainstream ambitions in