• Corpus ID: 190984359

Freedom Is, Freedom Ain't: Jazz and the Making of the Sixties

@inproceedings{Saul2003FreedomIF,
  title={Freedom Is, Freedom Ain't: Jazz and the Making of the Sixties},
  author={Scott Saul},
  year={2003}
}
I consider hard bop to be a musical facet of the freedom movement–an extension particularly of the idea of direct action into the realm of structurally improvised music. The hard bop group, with its loose, spontaneous interplay and its firm sense of a collective groove, modeled a dynamic community that was democratic in ways that took exception to the supposedly benign normalcy of 1950s America. (6) Saul’s expansive study draws its name from Ralph Ellison’s Invisible Man, from a sermon… 
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References

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David Rosenthal, Hard Bop: Jazz and Black Music, 1955-1965
David Rosenthal, Hard Bop: Jazz and Black Music, 1955-1965The importance of geography to jazz and African American musical aesthetics has always been decisive. Musical sounds were somehow
The freedom principle: Jazz after 1958
Steps in search for freedom Ornette Coleman - the birth of freedom Eric Dolphy John Coltrane - the passion for freedom transition - Miles Davis and modal jazz the free jazz underground and Sun Ra