Freedom, Religion and the Making of the Modern State in Japan, 1868–89

  title={Freedom, Religion and the Making of the Modern State in Japan, 1868–89},
  author={Yi‐Jiang Zhong},
  journal={Asian Studies Review},
  pages={53 - 70}
Abstract: This paper rethinks the article of religious freedom of the Meiji Constitution of 1889 and calls into question the liberalist paradigm employed to understand the Constitution and modern Japanese history. In this liberalist framework, the Constitution manifests the peculiar and authoritarian nature of the pre-war Japanese state. In particular, the 28th article, which provides for the conditional freedom of religious belief, is seen as no more than a cover for social control by the… 
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Meiji conservatism
  • The Cambridge history of Japan
  • 1989