Free fatty acids administered into the colon promote the secretion of glucagon-like peptide-1 and insulin.

We examined whether free fatty acids (FFAs) promote glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) secretion when administered into the intestinal tract. We found that an unsaturated long-chain FFA, alpha-linolenic acid (alpha-LA), resulted in increased plasma GLP-1 and insulin levels when administered into the colon. Such stimulatory effects were not apparent with either… CONTINUE READING