Free-electron lasers and masers on curved paths

  title={Free-electron lasers and masers on curved paths},
  author={Ilario Boscolo and Giulio Brautti and T. Clauser and Vincenzo Stagno},
  journal={Applied physics},
The possibility of building free-electron lasers and masers with quasi-circular undulators is considered. The two-mirror cavity is replaced by a suitable waveguide. The magnetic field along the orbit has a continuous component superimposed on the alternating one. Besides allowing large freedom for electron guiding and focusing, the structure allows effective negative mass conditions, which may enhance the electron beam modulation when space charge effect are important. Furthermore the radiation… 
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