Free Traders and Drug Smugglers: The Effects of Trade Openness on States' Ability to Combat Drug Trafficking

  title={Free Traders and Drug Smugglers: The Effects of Trade Openness on States' Ability to Combat Drug Trafficking},
  author={Horace A. Bartilow and Kihong Eom},
  journal={Latin American Politics and Society},
  pages={117 - 145}
Abstract The theoretical literature presents conflicting expectations about the effects of trade openness on the ability of states to interdict drug trafficking. One view expects that trade openness will undermine drug interdiction; a second argues the opposite; a third argues that trade openness does not necessarily affect drug interdiction. This article assesses empirically the effects of trade openness on drug interdiction for countries in the Americas using a pooled time-series cross… 
Drug Wars Collateral Damage: US Counternarcotic Aid and Human Rights in the Americas
Existing case-study research suggests that the recent increase in human rights violations in Latin America is attributed to the US-funded drug war. This narrative, which is referred to as the
Playing Pac-Man in Portville: Policing the dilution and fragmentation of drug importations through major seaports
  • A. Sergi
  • Law
    European Journal of Criminology
  • 2020
This article presents findings from a qualitative research project into organized crime, policing and security across five major seaports (‘Portvilles’): Genoa (Italy); Melbourne (Australia);
Managing Terrorism in Africa
  • G. Gyamfi
  • Political Science
    African Studies
  • 2020
Terrorism has contributed significantly to the unstable and unavoidable conflict and threat to security to many countries in the twenty-first century globally. In this qualitative case study, the
Managing Terrorism in Africa: Assessing Policing Issues
  • G. Gyamfi
  • Political Science
    Int. J. Cyber Warf. Terror.
  • 2018
The study reveals that socialization and radicalism through some interventions are the major causes of terrorism in Africa and recommends that international bodies led by the United Nations should support the policing efforts to curb the menace ofterrorism in Africa.
Crime has become a prominent issue in Africa and contributes in diverse ways to the underdevelopment of many countries in Africa. The researchers focused on the descriptions of the usefulness of the
Policing the port, watching the city. Manifestations of organised crime in the port of Genoa
ABSTRACT This article will present the results of a qualitative research into organised crime in the port of Genoa, Italy’s largest port, by looking at the challenges of policing the port space.
Toward Addressing Collusion Among Human Adversaries in Security Games
The theoretical results verified with human subject experiments showed that behavior model which optimizes against bounded rational adversaries provides demonstrably better performing defender strategies against human subjects.
Divide to Defend: Collusive Security Games
It is shown that breaking up collusion is difficult given bounded rationality of human adversaries; algorithms for the defender assuming both rational and boundedly rational adversaries are investigated.
The Impact of Illicit Drugs Prevalence Among Secondary School Students: A Case of Kinondoni Municipality
A Dissertation Submitted to Mzumbe University Dar es Salaam Campus College in Partial Fulfilment of the Requirements for Award of the Degree of Master of Business Administration in Corporate
Crime organisé et violences en Amérique latine et dans les Caraïbes
L’article propose un etat de l’art de la recherche sur trois themes : le trafic de drogue, d’armes et de personnes en Amerique latine et dans les Caraibes. Il presente les principales donnees et


Global Habit: The Drug Problem in a Borderless World
The market for illicit drugs is expanding inexorably around the world. More kinds of drugs are becoming more available in more places than ever before. But the drug trade is not only growing, it is
Exploring the Underground Economy
Tax evasion. Illegal drugs. Overseas holdings of U.S. currency. Crime. What these issues have in common is their contribution to the underground economy, that multi-billion dollar entity prospering
Economic Globalization and Democracy: An Empirical Analysis
The theoretical literature presents conflicting expectations about the effect of globalization on national democratic governance. One view expects globalization to enhance democracy; a second argues
The White Labyrinth: Cocaine and Political Power
Powerful forces work against efforts to control the flow of illegal narcotics into the United States from the Third World. The potential for conflict and recrimination is built into the situation.
NAFTA's Threat to Central American and Caribbean Basin Exports: A Revealed Comparative Advantage Approach
HE RECENT passage of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) between Canada, Mexico and the United States (US) marks an important step in the movement towards greater regionalism of trade
The New Hundred Years War? US National Security and the War on Drugs in Latin America
No president has spoken out more against drugs than President Reagan. No Administration has signed more anti-drug treaties or spent more money to stem the flow of drugs into this country. But as the
Wages of Crime: Black Markets, Illegal Finance and the Underworld Economy
"Never in history has there been a black market tamed from the supply side. From Prohibition to prostitution, from gambling to recreational drugs, the story is the same. Supply-side controls act to
Does Trade with Low-wage Countries Cause Wage Inequality?
This paper investigates the question as to whether trade with low-wage countries has contributed to wage inequality in high-income countries, as predicted by the Stolper-Samuelson theorem. The
Trade and Migration: Nafta and Agriculture
This study examines the controversial question of whether the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) will increase or decrease Mexican migration to the United States. The author estimates that