• Corpus ID: 14103975

Free Choice Items and Alternatives

  title={Free Choice Items and Alternatives},
  author={Maria Aloni and Robert van Rooy},
Extending the proposal made by Schulz (2003), we put forward a pragmatic account of the meaning of existential and universal FC items, where the ‘ignorance or indierence’ inference triggered by the former and the ‘universal’ inference triggered by the latter are treated as implicatures obtained by standard gricean reasoning formalized in terms of the two operations grice and competence. On this account, the implicatures of a sentence are generated with respect to a number of relevant… 

Free Choice and the Theory of Scalar Implicatures

  • D. Fox
  • Philosophy, Linguistics
  • 2007
This chapter will be concerned with the conjunctive interpretation of a family of disjunctive constructions. The relevant conjunctive interpretation, sometimes referred to as a ‘free choice effect,’

(Partially) Free choice of alternatives

It is shown that the Romanian indefinite vreun occurrences are restricted to negative polarity and a subset of modal contexts, and it is proposed that the epistemic constraint arises from the lexicalization of an inference that non-epistemic operators can never satisfy.

(Partially) Free choice of alternatives

This paper contributes to the semantic typology of dependent indefinites, by accounting for the distribution and interpretation of the Romanian indefinite vreun. It is shown that its occurrences are

Free choice, modals, and imperatives

The article proposes an analysis of imperatives and possibility and necessity statements that (i) explains their differences with respect to the licensing of free choice any and (ii) accounts for the

Logic, Language, and Computation

The article presents a formal analysis in the framework of bi-directional optimality theory of the free choice, ignorance and indifference implicatures conveyed by the use of indefinite expressions

Free choice of alternatives

This paper contributes to the semantic typology of dependent indefinites, by accounting for the distribution and interpretation of the Romanian indefinite vreun. It is shown that its occurrences are

On universal Free Choice items

This paper deals with the interpretation and distribution of universal Free Choice (FC) items, such as English FC any or Spanish cualquiera. Crosslinguistically, universal FC items can be

Introduction : Alternatives in semantics and pragmatics

This chapter offers a state of the art on alternatives in current linguistic theory and provides an accessible but detailed overview of the use of alternatives in semantics and pragmatics. In

Modal inferences in marked indefinites

In this paper, we first present the results of a synchronic corpus study of the determiner irgendein and the pronoun irgend jemand in German and identify four main uses: ignorance effect in specific

The negation of cualquier NP

This article defends that cualquier is a universal indeterminate pronoun which involves freedom of choice (as in the original proposal by Vendler, 1974), and combines an alternative semantics approach to the analysis of the FCI cUALquier with a syntactic approach to negation inspired in Etxepare and Uribe-Etxebarria (2011).



Broaden Your Views: Implicatures of Domain Widening and the Logicality of Language

This article presents a unified theory of polarity-sensitive items (PSIs) based on the notion of domain widening. PSIs include negative polarity items (like Italian mai ever), universal free choice

Exhaustive Interpretation of Complex Sentences

This paper justifies and generalizes Groenendijk and Stokhof’s (1984) formalization of exhaustive interpretation such that it can also account for implicatures that are triggered in subclauses not entailed by the whole complex sentence.

Free Choice Disjunction and Epistemic Possibility

This paper offers an explanation of the fact that sentences of the form (1) ‘X may A or B’ may be construed as implying (2) ‘X may A and X may B’, especially if they are used to grant permission. It

Any as Inherently Modal

It is argued that FC any is not directly licensed by modal or generic operators as generally assumed but that its felicitous use is sensitive to the pragmatics of epistemic modality.

The Semantics and Pragmatics of Polarity Items

Section (1) provides an overview of existing theories of NPIs and their problems. In section (2), I outline my explanation of the dis tribution of so-called weak polarity items, and in (3) I discuss

On choice-offering imperatives

An analysis of modal expressions is extended to imperatives to allow a unified account of the phenomena in (1)-(4) and this article will start by presenting the ‘alternative’ analysis for indefinites and disjunction.

Negative Polarity Items in Questions: Strength as Relevance

A domain widening analysis of so-called ‘even NPIs’ is proposed to account for the rhetorical effect of the use of some NPIs in questions, and it is proposed that the information theoretical notion of ‘entropy’ will play a crucial role in questions.


This article situates the two most widely used acronyms, ESL (English as a Second Language) and EFL (English as a Foreign Language), in their historical-structural contexts, examines their denotative

You May Read It Now Or Later: A Case Study on the Paradox of Free Choice Permission

  • K. Schulz
  • Computer Science, Political Science
  • 2004

Indefinite Pronouns

  • Indefinite Pronouns
  • 1997