Free Amino Acid Content in Standard Infant Formulas: Comparison with Human Milk

@article{Agostoni2000FreeAA,
  title={Free Amino Acid Content in Standard Infant Formulas: Comparison with Human Milk},
  author={Carlo Agostoni and Brunella Carratù and Concetta Boniglia and Enrica Riva and Elisabetta Sanzini},
  journal={Journal of the American College of Nutrition},
  year={2000},
  volume={19},
  pages={434 - 438}
}
Objective: To compare the concentration of non-protein nitrogen (NPN) and free amino acids (FAA) in powdered and liquid commercial formulas with that in human milk. Methods: The non-protein nitrogen and FAAs in pooled breast milk was compared with that in 11 protein-modified starting infant formulas (seven powdered, four liquid whey-predominant formulas) and one powdered soy-formula. Human milk was collected at the end of each feeding (hindmilk) over 24 hours in a group of 40 healthy lactating… 
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