Fraternal polyandry and fertility in a high Himalayan valley in Northwest Nepal

  title={Fraternal polyandry and fertility in a high Himalayan valley in Northwest Nepal},
  author={Melvyn C. Goldstein},
  journal={Human Ecology},
The manner in which cultural factors affect fertility has become an important area of anthropological concern. In this article, it will be shown that while fraternal polyandry does not affect individual fertility it does have a significant depressing effect on aggregate fertility and functions, unperceived and unintended, as an important mechanism for reducing population growth. 

Culture and fertility in the Nepal Himalayas: A test of a hypothesis

It is shown that while fraternal polyandry does reduce aggregate fertility, the hypothesis that it would lead to a substantially lower fertility rate is false because the effects of fraternalpolyandry are roughly balanced by the effects by postwidowhood celibacy among the Hindus.

Proximate determinants of fertility in the Kathmandu valley, Nepal: an anthropological case study

The results of this study show that Nepal as a whole is entrenched in Phase 1 of the fertility transition, however, data from the 3 populations reported here clearly indicate that each has begun to experience a demographic transition to different degrees.

Matriarchy, polyandry, and fertility amongst the Mosuos in China

Summary A survey of 232 households of the Mosuo minority group in Yunnan Province, People's Republic of China, suggested that polyandrous matriarchy did not raise the birth rate per household, but

Fertility of Nepalese Sherpas at moderate altitudes: comparison with high-altitude data.

Comparison of data on ages at menarche, first marriage and first childbirth and on completed fertility, in Sherpa populations of Nepal at moderate altitude indicates that cultural factors are probably insufficient to explain the lower completed fertility in high-altitude Sherpas.

Variation and change in fertility in West Central Nepal

This article employs temporal and intracultural frames of reference to examine patterns of variation in fertility among the caste-Hindus of West Central Nepal. Before the onset of major socioeconomic

new perspectives on Tibetan fertility and population decline

Addresses the claim that Tibet has experienced a population decline since the 7th century due to low fertility levels influenced by cultural and psychological factors and as such represents an

Tibetan fertility transitions in China and South Asia.

The own-children method, an indirect technique, is used to estimate fertility rates for two populations of Tibetans during the 1980s and 1990s: a sample of rural villages in the Tibet Autonomous

Old-age security, religious celibacy, and aggregate fertility in a Tibetan population

Using the family system as a framework, this study investigates the connection between old-age security concerns and aggregate fertility in Sama and Lho, two ethnically Tibetan villages of highland

Polyandry and population growth in a historical Tibetan society

Fertility of the Tibetans migrated to Northen India

This paper aims to study the fertility rate of the migrant Tibetans residing in Northern India and finding out the factors which are affecting the fertility level among them. Data are reported on age



Stratification, Polyandry, and Family Structure in Central Tibet

  • M. Goldstein
  • Sociology
    Southwestern Journal of Anthropology
  • 1971
Polyandry has long held an important place in the literature on kinship and social organization, and Tibet has commonly been used to exemplify a fraternal polyandrously organized society. But even a

Social Structure and Fertility: An Analytic Framework

A striking feature of underdeveloped areas is that virtually all of them exhibit a much higher fertility than do urban-industrial societies. This welldocumented but insufficiently analyzed fact is