Franklin Delano Roosevelt: The Diagnosis of Poliomyelitis Revisited

@article{Ditunno2016FranklinDR,
  title={Franklin Delano Roosevelt: The Diagnosis of Poliomyelitis Revisited},
  author={John Ditunno and Bruce E Becker and Gerald J. Herbison},
  journal={PM\&R},
  year={2016},
  volume={8}
}
The Contribution of Poliomyelitis to President Roosevelt’s Heart Failure. A Lesson on the Importance of Vaccinations for Cardiovascular Prevention
TLDR
Although it is known that Roosevelt endeavoured to compensate for his lower limb disability by strengthening his upper body segments particularly through swimming, such measures alone appear to have been insufficient to counter the patent negative effects of prolonged sedentarism and the hypothesizable cardiac-specific changes brought about by poliomyelitis.
Dr. Polio: Revisiting FDR's Medical Legacy
TLDR
It is argued that Roosevelt and his affiliated organizations played an important medical role during this period of significant advances made in the care of polio survivors and new and innovative medical fields gained both public attention and funding.
Sister Elizabeth Kenny and Polio in America: Doyenne or Demagogue in Her Role in Rehabilitation Medicine?
  • B. Becker
  • Medicine
    PM & R : the journal of injury, function, and rehabilitation
  • 2018
Growing Academic Physiatry: The Comparative Impact of Baruch Grants to Harvard Medical School and Columbia College of Physicians and Surgeons. Part I
TLDR
The history of PM&R at MGH reveals some of the reasons for this lack of a sustained presence, prior to and following the initial success of the Baruch awards, and compares and contrasts two programs that provide a basis for comparison and contrast.
Aquatic Therapy in Contemporary Neurorehabilitation: An Update
  • B. Becker
  • Medicine, Psychology
    PM & R : the journal of injury, function, and rehabilitation
  • 2020
TLDR
Aquatic therapy has been used extensively in a number of neurologic diseases and pathologies, and disease‐specific rehabilitative applications for this population are described.
Brief History of Ethics in the Presence of a Pandemic
  • C. Anderson
  • Medicine
    Advanced Journal of Social Science
  • 2021
TLDR
It is concluded that, while at risk of individual liberty, a rule utilitarian approach, as backed up by epidemiolocal data suggests that a mandate for the greater good is more ethical than a simple approach to individual liberty.
Die Impfaktion gegen Poliomyelitis in der DDR im Jahr 1960 am Beispiel der Stadt Halle (Saale): Historische Erfahrungen und Probleme
In den 1950er-Jahren stellte das epidemische Auftreten der spinalen Kinderlähmung (Poliomyelitis) die Gesundheitssysteme weltweit vor große Herausforderungen. Da eine kausale Therapie der

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 87 REFERENCES
What was the Cause of Franklin Delano Roosevelt's Paralytic Illness?
TLDR
In 1921, Franklin Delano Roosevelt contracted an illness characterized by fever; protracted symmetric, ascending paralysis; facial paralysis; bladder and bowel dysfunction; numbness; and dysaesthesia, which led to a diagnosis of paralysis of the lower extremities.
Franklin D. Roosevelt: diagnosis, clinical course, and rehabilitation from poliomyelitis.
TLDR
There is no scientific basis for assertions of mismanagement that led to more severe paralysis; the paralysis was most likely caused by strenuous activities in the preparalytic phase of his illness.
POLIOMYELITIS: SEVERITY AND TYPE OF DISEASE IN DIFFERENT AGE GROUPS
  • D. Horstmann
  • Medicine
    Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
  • 1955
TLDR
There is some evidence to suggest that the greater severity-and therefore mortality-in older age groups is perhaps enhanced by the ill effects of exercise or continued activity, often carried out under stress, after the onset of symptoms of the major illness phase of the clinical disease.
Diagnosing the dead: the retrospective analysis of genetic diseases.
  • A. Rushton
  • Medicine
    The journal of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh
  • 2013
TLDR
An approach to such a medical-historical analysis including assessment of hereditary predisposition, family history and the use of DNA technology to confirm or deny the clinical suspicions of the investigator is outlined.
Retrospective diagnosis: use and abuse in medical historiography.
TLDR
Only with a fundamentally revised method, a more critical approach to retrospective diagnostics, and far more serious objectives will medical biographies be in a position to break new ground.
Franklin D. Roosevelt: his poliomyelitis and orthopaedics.
  • Z. Friedenberg
  • Medicine
    The Journal of bone and joint surgery. American volume
  • 2009
TLDR
The development of orthopaedic surgery was enhanced by World War I and was expanded tenfold by the experience gained in the War of 1939–45, thanks in no small measure to one of the authors' members, the late Major General Norman T. Kirk.
Influence of age and sex on susceptibility and clinical manifestations in poliomyelitis.
TLDR
The most recent study of this problem revealed a marked change in the proportionate age incidence of the disease, with a relative decrease in the percentage of patients under four years old.
[Guillain-Barré syndrome].
TLDR
High-dose of intravenous immunoglobulin (0.4 g/kg daily for 5 days) and PE are equally effective in intermediate and severe forms and the choice between the two treatments depends on their respective contra-indications and local availability.
A comparison of the clinical features of poliomyelitis in adults and in children.
TLDR
It is not at all rare today for poliomyelitis to affect patients in the third and fourth decades of life, and the term "infantile paralysis" is no longer in use.
THE RESULTS OF POLIOMYELITIS IN BALTIMORE
TLDR
Muscles do not improve in direct ratio to the degree of initial weakness, and may continue to improve for eighteen months in those cases treated immediately after the onset of the poliomyelitis, but patients seen later may improve for a period up to nine months.
...
...