Franklin D. Roosevelt and Covert Aid to the Loyalists in the Spanish Civil War, 1936-39

  title={Franklin D. Roosevelt and Covert Aid to the Loyalists in the Spanish Civil War, 1936-39},
  author={Dominic Tierney},
  journal={Journal of Contemporary History},
  pages={299 - 313}
In 1938, US president Franklin D. Roosevelt became involved in an illegal scheme to circumvent the US arms embargo, which applied to both sides in the Spanish Civil War. Seeking strategies to aid the Spanish Republic against General Franco’s Nationalists, Roosevelt supported a scheme to ship to France aircraft, which would then quietly be trans-shipped to Spain. The scheme was notable for three elements: its colourful nature, involving sending FDR’s alcoholic brother-in-law to Paris as a secret… 
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Confluencia geopolítica entre Cárdenas y Roosevelt:
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Josephus Daniels papers, microfilm copy
  • Traina, op. cit
The Moffat Papers: Selections from the Diplomatic Papers of Jay Pierrepont Moffat
  • FDR and FA
  • 1956
American Visions of Europe
  • 1994
Moffat diary
    167-8. For the role played by the Loyalist military recovery in the summer of 1938 see FDR and FA
    • 609; FDR and FA
    151, 183; Dallek, op. cit
      See also Michael Fullilove's Oxford University MPhil thesis Special Faith and Confidence: President Franklin D. Roosevelt's Use of Personal Envoys to the United Kingdom in Early
      • The Juggler: Franklin Roosevelt as Wartime Statesman
      • 1941
      For the role of Spain in American politics in 1938 see Flynn