• Corpus ID: 20138321

Frankincense and Myrrh : The Botany , Culture , and Therapeutic Uses of the World ́ s Two Most Important Resins

@inproceedings{Crow2013FrankincenseAM,
  title={Frankincense and Myrrh : The Botany , Culture , and Therapeutic Uses of the World ́ s Two Most Important Resins},
  author={David Crow},
  year={2013}
}
Frankincense and myrrh are without a doubt the worl ds two most important resins. Although other resins , such as pine, copal, styrax, and dragon blood have playe d important roles in ethnobotanical medicine, none have been as widely distributed and universally utilized , as economically important, or so highly regarded. This paper presents an overview of these valuable trees and th e history, culture, and some of the medical uses of their resins. 
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Frankincense and myrrh

While frankincense and myrrh have been harvested from a multitude of species, certain species have predominated in history and each oleo-gum-resins has a characteristic odor that is predominately due to a mixture of complex sesquiterpenes.

Local anaesthetic, antibacterial and antifungal properties of sesquiterpenes from myrrh.

This work extracted, purified and characterized 8 sesquiterpene fractions from Commyphora molmol that showed antibacterial and antifungal activity against standard pathogenic strains of Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Candida albicans, and had local anaesthetic activity, blocking the inward sodium current of excitable mammalian membranes.

Toxicity study in mice of resins of three Commiphora species

Acute toxicity studies of crude extracts of resins of Commiphora myrrha, C. guidottii and C. erlangeriana were conducted on Swiss albino mice and the extracts were not toxic at the doses tested.

Toxicity studies in mice of Commiphora molmol oleo-gum-resin.

Analgesic effects of myrrh

Essential oils of frankincense, myrrh and opopanax

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