Framework for nonlocally related partial differential equation systems and nonlocal symmetries: Extension, simplification, and examples

Abstract

Any partial differential equation PDE system can be effectively analyzed through consideration of its tree of nonlocally related systems. If a given PDE system has n local conservation laws, then each conservation law yields potential equations and a corresponding nonlocally related potential system. Moreover, from these n conservation laws, one can directly construct 2n−1 independent nonlocally related systems by considering these potential systems individually n singlets , in pairs n n−1 /2 couplets , . . ., taken all together one n-plet . In turn, any one of these 2n−1 systems could lead to the discovery of new nonlocal symmetries and/or nonlocal conservation laws of the given PDE system. Moreover, such nonlocal conservation laws could yield further nonlocally related systems. A theorem is proved that simplifies this framework to find such extended trees by eliminating redundant systems. The planar gas dynamics equations and nonlinear telegraph equations are used as illustrative examples. Many new local and nonlocal conservation laws and nonlocal symmetries are found for these systems. In particular, our examples illustrate that a local symmetry of a k-plet is not always a local symmetry of its “completed” n-plet k n . A new analytical solution, arising as an invariant solution for a potential Lagrange system, is constructed for a generalized polytropic gas. © 2006 American Institute of Physics. DOI: 10.1063/1.2349488

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Cite this paper

@inproceedings{Bluman2006FrameworkFN, title={Framework for nonlocally related partial differential equation systems and nonlocal symmetries: Extension, simplification, and examples}, author={George Bluman and Alexei F. Cheviakov and N. M. Ivanova}, year={2006} }