Frames of Reference and Achievement in Elementary Arithmetic

@article{Gray2006FramesOR,
  title={Frames of Reference and Achievement in Elementary Arithmetic},
  author={Eddie Gray and Demetra Pitta-Pantazi},
  journal={The Mathematics Enthusiast},
  year={2006}
}
This paper considers the relationship between 8-11 years old students' numerical achievement and a possible disposition towards the construction of particular frames of reference. The paper uses the characteristics of a variety of kinds of images to focus upon frames of reference and explores a possible relationship between children's verbal descriptions of concrete and abstract nouns and the different ways they respond to aspects of elementary arithmetic. It seeks to establish whether or not… 

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