Fragmented Sleep, Fragmented Mind

@article{vanderKloet2012FragmentedSF,
  title={Fragmented Sleep, Fragmented Mind},
  author={Dalena van der Kloet and Harald Merckelbach and Timo Giesbrecht and Steven Jay Lynn},
  journal={Perspectives on Psychological Science},
  year={2012},
  volume={7},
  pages={159 - 175}
}
In psychopathology, dissociation typically refers to a disturbance in the normal integration of thoughts, feelings, and experiences into consciousness and memory. In this article, we review the literature on how sleep disturbances relate to dissociative symptoms and memory failure. We contend that this body of research offers a fresh perspective on dissociation. Specifically, we argue that dissociative symptoms are associated with a labile sleep–wake cycle, in which dreamlike mentation invades… 

Tables from this paper

The path to dissociative experiences: A direct comparison of different etiological models.

Oscillations in dissociation across months, when taking psychological distress into account, were better explained by unusual dreaming than traditional sleep quality measures, and a complex, integrated etiological model for dissociative experiences is warranted.

The complex interrelationship between dissociation and anomalous sleep experiences

  • E. Maraldi
  • Psychology
    Archives of Clinical Psychiatry (São Paulo)
  • 2019
Dissociative experiences are common in the general population, with about one-third of individuals reporting at least one dissociative symptom1,2. The etiology of dissociation (especially of its more

Arousal in Nocturnal Consciousness: How Dream- and Sleep-Experiences May Inform Us of Poor Sleep Quality, Stress, and Psychopathology

The exploration of the interplay between psychopathology and sleep should be expanded from focusing almost exclusively on quantitative aspects to including qualitative conscious experiences which may reflect poor sleep quality, as well as taking into account nocturnal consciousness—including unusual dreaming and permeable sleep-wake boundaries.

The relationship between sleep, dissociation and psychotic-like experiences.

It is suggested that dissociation may be a key contributor to the relationship between disrupted sleep and PLEs, which could have treatment and identification implications.

Dissociative symptoms and REM sleep.

It is considered the possibility that excessive or out-of-phase REM sleep fuels dissociative symptomatology and further research is warranted to explore the psychopathological ramifications of Llewellyn's theory.

Rumination and Dissociation: The Mediating Role of Poor Sleep Quality and Presleep Cognitions

Rumination and dissociation are considered maladaptive cognitive-emotional responses to distress, which prevent its proper processing. The goal of the study was to explore the relationship between

Tracking Potentiating States of Dissociation: An Intensive Clinical Case Study of Sleep, Daydreaming, Mood, and Depersonalization/Derealization

Initial evidence is offered that the occurrence and content of daydreams may act as potentiating states for heightened, in the moment, dissociation in depersonalization/derealization disorder.
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 374 REFERENCES

Cognitive processes in dissociation: an analysis of core theoretical assumptions.

The authors identify a variety of methodological issues and discrepancies that make it difficult to articulate a comprehensive framework for cognitive mechanisms in dissociation and recommend research domains that promise to advance the understanding of cognition and dissociation.

Sleep normalization and decrease in dissociative experiences: evaluation in an inpatient sample.

It is determined that specifically decreases in narcoleptic experiences rather than insomnia accompany a reduction in dissociative symptoms, which is consistent with Watson's (2001) hypothesis that disruptions in the sleep-wake cycle lead to intrusions of sleep phenomena into waking consciousness, resulting in dissociation.

Does Dissociation Offer a Useful Explanation for Psychopathology?

Current knowledge does not support the notion of dissociation as a discrete brain state or process, and psychiatric and neurophysiological research and theory development are better directed towards individual components that contribute to dissociative experience.

Subjective sleep experiences are related to dissociation

Dissociations of the night: individual differences in sleep-related experiences and their relation to dissociation and schizotypy.

  • D. Watson
  • Psychology
    Journal of abnormal psychology
  • 2001
The author examined the associations among sleep-related experiences, dissociation, schizotypy, and the Big Five personality traits in 2 large student samples to suggest a common domain characterized by unusual cognitions and perceptions.

Dissociatieve symptomen en slaap.

There is a widespread view among psychiatrists that dissociative experiences such as depersonalisation, derealisation, absorption, and psychogenic amnesia have a traumatic etiology. This view is

Unusual sleep experiences, dissociation, and schizotypy: Evidence for a common domain.

Sleep disturbances as the hallmark of PTSD: where are we now?

  • A. Germain
  • Psychology, Biology
    The American journal of psychiatry
  • 2013
Overall, the literature suggests that disturbed REM or non-REM sleep can contribute to maladaptive stress and trauma responses and may constitute a modifiable risk factor for poor psychiatric outcomes.
...