Fragmentation of International Law? Postmodern Anxieties

  title={Fragmentation of International Law? Postmodern Anxieties},
  author={Martti Antero Koskenniemi and P{\"a}ivi Leino},
  journal={Leiden Journal of International Law},
  pages={553 - 579}
Successive ICJ Presidents have expressed concern about the proliferation of international tribunals and substantive fragmentation of international law. This is not a new phenomenon. International law has always lacked a clear normative and institutional hierarchy. The problem is more how new institutions have used international law to further new interests, especially those not predominant in traditional law. The anxiety among ICJ judges should be seen less as a concern for abstract “coherence… 
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