Fragile external phenotype of modern human proximal femur in comparison with medieval bone.

@article{Sievnen2007FragileEP,
  title={Fragile external phenotype of modern human proximal femur in comparison with medieval bone.},
  author={Harri Siev{\"a}nen and L{\'a}szl{\'o} J{\'o}zsa and Ildik{\'o} Pap and Markku J{\"a}rvinen and Tero A H J{\"a}rvinen and Pekka Kannus and Teppo L. N. J{\"a}rvinen},
  journal={Journal of bone and mineral research : the official journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research},
  year={2007},
  volume={22 4},
  pages={537-43}
}
UNLABELLED Proximal femur macroanatomy of 118 medieval and 67 contemporary adults, 84 contemporary elderly, and 48 contemporary hip fracture cases was evaluated. Within approximately 1000 years, the femoral neck axis has become longer, and its cross-section has become proportionally smaller and more oval in shape. These changes in the present external phenotype alone account for approximately 50% higher fall-induced stress compared with the medieval situation. INTRODUCTION Bones, as whole… CONTINUE READING