Fracture treatment with circular external fixation.


Circular external skeletal fixation (CEF) has been used in recent years to treat acute and chronic fractures and bone deformities, to stabilize joints while maintaining range of motion, and to perform arthrodeses and limb-sparing in dogs. Dr. Ilizarov defined the general principles and methods of CEF. This article reviews these principles. It also describes… (More)


Cite this paper

@article{MarcellinLittle1999FractureTW, title={Fracture treatment with circular external fixation.}, author={Denis J. Marcellin-Little}, journal={The Veterinary clinics of North America. Small animal practice}, year={1999}, volume={29 5}, pages={1153-70, vii} }