Fracture risk assessment in older adults using a combination of selected quantitative computed tomography bone measures: a subanalysis of the Age, Gene/Environment Susceptibility-Reykjavik Study.

Abstract

Bone mineral density (BMD) and geometric bone measures are individually associated with prevalent osteoporotic fractures. Whether an aggregate of these measures would better associate with fractures has not been examined. We examined relationships between self-reported fractures and selected bone measures acquired by quantitative computerized tomography (QCT), a composite bone score, and QCT-acquired dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry-like total femur BMD in 2110 men and 2682 women in the Age, Gene/Environment Susceptibility-Reykjavik Study. The combined bone score was generated by summing gender-specific Z-scores for 4 QCT measures: vertebral trabecular BMD, femur neck cortical thickness, femur neck trabecular BMD, and femur neck minimal cross-sectional area. Except for the latter measure, lower scores for QCT measures, singly and combined, showed positive (p < 0.05) associations with fractures. Results remained the same in stratified models for participants not taking bone-promoting medication. In women on bone-promoting medication, greater femur neck cortical thickness and trabecular BMD were significantly associated with fracture status. However, the association between fracture and combined bone score was not stronger than the associations between fracture and individual measures or total femur BMD. Thus, the selected measures did not all similarly associate with fracture status and did not appear to have an additive effect on fracture status.

DOI: 10.1016/j.jocd.2013.03.005

Cite this paper

@article{Rianon2014FractureRA, title={Fracture risk assessment in older adults using a combination of selected quantitative computed tomography bone measures: a subanalysis of the Age, Gene/Environment Susceptibility-Reykjavik Study.}, author={Nahid J. Rianon and Thomas F Lang and Kristin Siggeirsdottir and Gunnar Sigurdsson and Gudny Eir{\'i}ksdott{\'i}r and Sigurdur F Sigurdsson and Brynjolfur Y. Jonsson and Melissa E . Garcia and Binbing Yu and Asha Seth Kapadia and Wendell C Taylor and Beatrice Josephine Selwyn and Vilmundur Gudnason and Lenore J. Launer and Tamara B. Harris}, journal={Journal of clinical densitometry : the official journal of the International Society for Clinical Densitometry}, year={2014}, volume={17 1}, pages={25-31} }