Fracton topological order from Higgs and partial confinement mechanisms of rank-two gauge theory

@inproceedings{Ma2018FractonTO,
  title={Fracton topological order from Higgs and partial confinement mechanisms of rank-two gauge theory},
  author={Han Ma and Michael A Hermele and Xie Chen},
  year={2018}
}
Fractons are gapped point-like excitations in d = 3 topological ordered phases whose motion is constrained. They have been discovered in several gapped models but a unifying physical mechanism for generating them is still missing. It has been noticed that in symmetric-tensor U(1) gauge theories, charges are fractons and cannot move freely due to, for example, the conservation of not only the charge but also the dipole moment. To connect these theories with fully gapped fracton models, we study… CONTINUE READING

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