Fractal dynamics in physiology: alterations with disease and aging.

  title={Fractal dynamics in physiology: alterations with disease and aging.},
  author={Ary L. Goldberger and Luis A. Nunes Amaral and Jeffrey M. Hausdorff and Plamen Ch. Ivanov and C. K. Peng and Harry Eugene Stanley},
  journal={Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America},
  volume={99 Suppl 1},
According to classical concepts of physiologic control, healthy systems are self-regulated to reduce variability and maintain physiologic constancy. Contrary to the predictions of homeostasis, however, the output of a wide variety of systems, such as the normal human heartbeat, fluctuates in a complex manner, even under resting conditions. Scaling techniques adapted from statistical physics reveal the presence of long-range, power-law correlations, as part of multifractal cascades operating… CONTINUE READING
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