Fourth branchial arch sinus: clinical presentation, diagnostic workup, and surgical treatment.

@article{Yang1999FourthBA,
  title={Fourth branchial arch sinus: clinical presentation, diagnostic workup, and surgical treatment.},
  author={Caroline Y Yang and Jeffrey Cohen and Edward Everts and Jesse C. Smith and James E Caro and Peter E. Andersen},
  journal={The Laryngoscope},
  year={1999},
  volume={109 3},
  pages={442-6}
}
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS Abnormalities of the fourth branchial arch are much less common than those of the second arch and present in a different manner. The authors report their experience with five cases of fourth arch sinuses. METHODS Retrospective chart review of patients at a tertiary care center. RESULTS All patients presented in the first or second decade of life, and all but one had left-sided neck involvement. Four patients presented with recurrent low neck inflammatory episodes, and… CONTINUE READING

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