Four ways five factors are basic

  title={Four ways five factors are basic},
  author={Paul T. Costa and Robert R. McCrae},
  journal={Personality and Individual Differences},
  • P. CostaR. McCrae
  • Published 1 June 1992
  • Psychology
  • Personality and Individual Differences

Figures and Tables from this paper

Twenty‐one traits of personality

Reports on a study conducted to examine the factor structure of the occupational personality questionnaire (OPQ) on two independent samples of 1,000 participants (2,000 for the study in total) drawn

An empirical analysis of the representation of lower-order facets of the big five personality dimensions

In the field of personality psychology there is some consensus among researchers that human personality, at the broadest level, can be described in terms of five fundamental personality dimensions.

Towards a refined structure of personality traits

In this article we pursue two goals. The first is a further articulation of the dimensionality of the Dutch trait domain. The second is a detailed mapping of the factorial trait structure, one which

What Are the Most Important Dimensions of Personality?Evidence from Studies of Descriptors in Diverse Languages

Progress is reviewed with respect on how attributes of personality and character can best be organized and structured. Key insights on this important scientific issue have been gained by a lexical



An introduction to the five-factor model and its applications.

It is argued that the five-factor model of personality should prove useful both for individual assessment and for the elucidation of a number of topics of interest to personality psychologists.

Evaluating comprehensiveness in personality systems: The California Q‐Set and the five‐factor model

The analysis of natural language trait names and questionnaire scales has suggested that the five factors of Neuroticism, Extroversion, Openness, Agreeable-ness, and Conscientiousness constitute an

An alternative "description of personality": the big-five factor structure.

  • L. R. Goldberg
  • Psychology
    Journal of personality and social psychology
  • 1990
The generality of this 5-factor model is here demonstrated across unusually comprehensive sets of trait terms, which suggest their potential utility as Big-Five markers in future studies.

Updating Norman's "Adequate Taxonomy": intelligence and personality dimensions in natural language and in questionnaires.

The relations among culture, conscientiousness, openness, and intelligence are discussed, and it is concluded that mental ability is a separate factor, though related to openness to experience.

Validation of the five-factor model of personality across instruments and observers.

Two data sources--self-reports and peer ratings--and two instruments--adjective factors and questionnaire scales--were used to assess the five-factor model of personality, showing substantial cross-observer agreement on all five adjective factors.

Factors In The Natural Language Of Personality: Re-Analysis, Comparison, And Interpretation Of Six Major Studies.

Re-analysis of the correlations of six studies indicated that the domain appears to be well described by five factors, with some suggestion of a sixth, and the five factors were related across studies, using the Kaiser-Hunka-Bianchini method.