Four ways five factors are basic

@article{Costa1992FourWF,
  title={Four ways five factors are basic},
  author={P. Costa and R. McCrae},
  journal={Personality and Individual Differences},
  year={1992},
  volume={13},
  pages={653-665}
}
Abstract The five-factor model has recently received wide attention as a comprehensive model of personality traits. The claim that these five factors represent basic dimensions of personality is based on four lines of reasoning and evidence: (a) longitudinal and cross-observer studies demonstrate that all five factors are enduring dispositions that are manifest in patterns of behavior; (b) traits related to each of the factors are found in a variety of personality systems and in the natural… Expand

Figures and Tables from this paper

What is a basic factor and which factors are basic? Turtles all the way down
Abstract Criteria for a “basic factor” of personality include: (1) reliable identification of the dimension factor across methods, genders, ages; (2) at least moderate heritability; (3)Expand
Four ways five factors are not basic
This is a reply to the Costa and McCrae article entitled: “Four ways five factors are basic” [(1992) Personality and Individual Differences, 13(6), 653–665]. This article takes up the challenge andExpand
A general factor of personality: Evidence for the Big One in the five-factor model.
Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses using different personality measures in three samples confirmed the existence of general factor of personality (The Big One) within the five-factor model.Expand
The Five-Factor Model: Psychometric, biological and practical perspectives
Hartmann, P. The Five-Factor Model: Psychometric, biological and practical perspectives. Nordic Psychology, 58, 150–170. The Five-Factor Model (FFM) of personality is a trait approach to theExpand
A comparison of three structural models for personality: the big three
The major factors from 3 models of personality are compared: Eysenck's Three Factor model, Costa and McCrae's version of the Big Five, and Zuckerman and Kuhlman's Alternative Five. The 1st studyExpand
Twenty‐one traits of personality
Reports on a study conducted to examine the factor structure of the occupational personality questionnaire (OPQ) on two independent samples of 1,000 participants (2,000 for the study in total) drawnExpand
An empirical analysis of the representation of lower-order facets of the big five personality dimensions
In the field of personality psychology there is some consensus among researchers that human personality, at the broadest level, can be described in terms of five fundamental personality dimensions.Expand
How genes influence personality: Evidence from multi-facet twin analyses of the HEXACO dimensions
Much of the variation in human personality is described by five to six dimensions. Less clear, however, is whether these dimensions are underpinned by similarly coherent and unified biological bases.Expand
Towards a refined structure of personality traits
In this article we pursue two goals. The first is a further articulation of the dimensionality of the Dutch trait domain. The second is a detailed mapping of the factorial trait structure, one whichExpand
Relationships between ability and personality: Three hypotheses tested
Abstract This paper describes some studies of the interrelationship of personality and intelligence using data from a survey of Scottish farmers. (N = 210). Subjects completed the NEO Five FactorExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 107 REFERENCES
Five (or three) robust questionnaire scale factors of personality without culture
Abstract Thirty-three personality scales, which were good markers for personality factors in a previous study, were analyzed in a new study involving 525 subjects in four samples: men and women inExpand
An introduction to the five-factor model and its applications.
TLDR
It is argued that the five-factor model of personality should prove useful both for individual assessment and for the elucidation of a number of topics of interest to personality psychologists. Expand
Evaluating comprehensiveness in personality systems: The California Q‐Set and the five‐factor model
The analysis of natural language trait names and questionnaire scales has suggested that the five factors of Neuroticism, Extroversion, Openness, Agreeable-ness, and Conscientiousness constitute anExpand
Comparing exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis: A study on the 5-factor model of personality
Several authors claim that widespread support exists for a 5-factor model of personality ratings. In the present study, structural equation modeling was used to investigate this issue. The subjectsExpand
An alternative "description of personality": the big-five factor structure.
  • L. R. Goldberg
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Journal of personality and social psychology
  • 1990
TLDR
The generality of this 5-factor model is here demonstrated across unusually comprehensive sets of trait terms, which suggest their potential utility as Big-Five markers in future studies. Expand
Updating Norman's "Adequate Taxonomy": intelligence and personality dimensions in natural language and in questionnaires.
  • R. McCrae, P. Costa
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Journal of personality and social psychology
  • 1985
TLDR
The relations among culture, conscientiousness, openness, and intelligence are discussed, and it is concluded that mental ability is a separate factor, though related to openness to experience. Expand
Comparison of EPI and psychoticism scales with measures of the five-factor model of personality
Abstract The need for a comprehensive model of personality traits acceptable to the entire community of personality researches has often been acknowledged. In this article, two such models areExpand
The factors in personality questionnaires among normal subjects
Reference to the most recent edition of the Mental Measurements Year Book (Buros, 1978) highlights what is the major difficulty with personality questionnaires: just what do they measure. In BurosExpand
Validation of the five-factor model of personality across instruments and observers.
  • R. McCrae, P. Costa
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Journal of personality and social psychology
  • 1987
TLDR
Two data sources--self-reports and peer ratings--and two instruments--adjective factors and questionnaire scales--were used to assess the five-factor model of personality, showing substantial cross-observer agreement on all five adjective factors. Expand
Factors In The Natural Language Of Personality: Re-Analysis, Comparison, And Interpretation Of Six Major Studies.
TLDR
Re-analysis of the correlations of six studies indicated that the domain appears to be well described by five factors, with some suggestion of a sixth, and the five factors were related across studies, using the Kaiser-Hunka-Bianchini method. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...