Four novel CYP27A1 mutations in seven Italian patients with CTX.

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Cerebrotendinous xanthomatosis (CTX) is a rare autosomal recessive disease, because of sterol 27-hydroxylase deficiency. Clinical manifestations of CTX are tendon xanthomas, juvenile cataracts, osteoporosis, diarrhoea and multiple progressive neurological dysfunctions. More than 300 patients with CTX have been reported to date… (More)