Four Botanical Extracts are Toxic to the Hispine Beetle, Brontispa longissima, in Laboratory and Semi—field Trials

Abstract

The potential of botanical extracts such as Celosia argenea L. (Caryophyllales: Amaranthaceae), Ricinus communis L. (Malpighiales: Euphorbiaceae), Mikania micrantha Humboldt, Bonpland & Kunth (Astrales: Asteraceae), and Catharanthus roseus (L.) G. Don (Gentianales: Apocynaceae) for the control of Brontispa longissima Gestro was evaluated in a bioassay and semi-field trial. Dose-response bioassay showed no significant difference in oral-toxicity among the extracts of C. argenea, M. micrantha, and C. roseus to larvae and adult of B. longissima. All extracts tested decreased the hatchability of B. longissima eggs. In particular, the extract of M. micrantha showed higher activity than others at the concentration of 5 mg/mL. In an antifeedant bioassay, the extract of C. argenea showed higher activity against the 1(st) larvae than that of other extracts (AF50 0.03 mg/mL), and C. roseus showed higher antifeedant activity to the 2(nd) to 5(th) larvae and adult of B. longissima (AF50 0.34, 0.33, 0.11, 0.43, and 0.20 mg/mL, respectively). The semi-field trial indicated that all extracts used in this study might reduce the pest population. Extracts of C. argenea and M. micrantha showed higher activities than that of C. roseus and R communis, and the decrease in population was 75.56% and 80.00% (without Abbott's correction) after seven days of treatment, respectively, at a concentration of 20 mg/mL. Therefore, these active botanical extracts may possess potential for use in control of B. longissima.

DOI: 10.1673/031.012.5801

Extracted Key Phrases

4 Figures and Tables

Cite this paper

@inproceedings{Chaojun2012FourBE, title={Four Botanical Extracts are Toxic to the Hispine Beetle, Brontispa longissima, in Laboratory and Semi—field Trials}, author={Lv Chaojun and Zhong Baozhu and Zhong Guohua and Weng Qunfang and Chen Shaohua and Hu Meiying and Sun Xiaodong and Qin Weiquan}, booktitle={Journal of insect science}, year={2012} }