Foundations of problem‐based learning: some explanatory notes

  title={Foundations of problem‐based learning: some explanatory notes},
  author={Henk G. Schmidt},
  journal={Medical Education},
  • H. Schmidt
  • Published 1 September 1993
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Medical Education
Summary. The present article elaborates on cognitive effects of problem‐based learning put forward by Schmidt, De Volder, De Grave, Moust & Patel (1989) and Norman & Schmidt (1992) . Its purpose is to discuss, in some detail, the theoretical premises of this approach to learning and instruction. It is argued that problem‐based learning, above all, promotes the activation of prior knowledge and its elaboration. Evidence is reviewed demonstrating that these processes actually occur in small‐group… 
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