Foundations of Biophilosophy

  title={Foundations of Biophilosophy},
  author={Martin Mahner and Mario Bunge},
  booktitle={Springer Berlin Heidelberg},
I Philosophical Fundamentals.- 1 Ontological Fundamentals.- 2 Semantical and Logical Fundamentals.- 3 Epistemological Fundamentals.- II Fundamental Issues in Biophilosophy.- 4 Life.- 5 Ecology.- 6 Psychobiology.- 7 Systematics.- 8 Developmental Biology.- 9 Evolutionary Theory.- 10 Teleology.- 11 Concluding Remarks.- References.- Name Index. 
The Role of Metaphysical Naturalism in Science
This paper defends the view that metaphysical naturalism is a constitutive ontological principle of science in that the general empirical methods of science, such as observation, measurement and
Whence Philosophy of Biology?
  • Jason M. Byron
  • Philosophy
    The British Journal for the Philosophy of Science
  • 2007
A consensus exists among contemporary philosophers of biology about the history of their field. According to the received view, mainstream philosophy of science in the 1930s, 40s, and 50s focused on
Theory Eliminativism as a Methodological Tool
Disagreements about the definition, nature, structure, ontology, and content of scientific theories are at least partly responsible for disagreements in other debates in the philosophy of science. I
Biosemiotics: A New Understanding of Life
Italian embryologist and theoretical biologist Marcello Barbieri proposes an alternative biosemiotic paradigm that is not organicist and qualitative in its origins, but mechanist and molecular instead – but that is just revolutionary a framework for the attempt to scientifically investigate and understand the reality of sign processes in life processes.
A Reconstruction of the Theory of Ecology Based on Mario Bunge’s Mechanistic Epistemology and Systemic Ontology
This work proposes a structural reconstruction of the main laws, hypotheses and models sustaining ecological theory, by taking into account Mario Bunge’s mechanistic epistemology and systemic
The Function Debate in Philosophy
The author shows that the debate on the notion of biological function and on functional explanation has been too heavily influenced by the concerns of a naturalistic philosophy of mind and argues that in order to improve understanding of biology the attention should be shifted from the study of intuitions to theStudy of the actual practice of biological inquiry.
Integrated-structure emergence and its mechanistic explanation
This paper proposes an integrated-structure notion of interlevel (part-whole) emergence, from a dynamic relational ontological perspective, and argues that even though the emergent structural attributes of such systems are not micro-determined nor micro-reducible, they can be accounted for by an interlevel integrative neo-mechanistic form of explanation.
This paper will address three developments of the axiomatic method in evolutionary biology : the hypothetical-deductive, the semantic and, perhaps the most recent one, the natural deduction method, and argue that a syntactic approach to deduction in the sense of the third method might be the most promising option.
Taxonomic theory for nonclassical systematics
A possible method for constructing a general taxonomic theory for biological systematics considered in the context of nonclassical scientific paradigm is described and several key points in its construction are emphasized.
Emergence à la Systems Theory: Epistemological Totalausschluss or Ontological Novelty?
In this article, I examine Luhmann’s, Bunge’s and others’ views on emergence, and argue that Luhmann’s epistemological construal of emergence in terms of Totalausschluss (total exclusion) is both


The structure of biological science
The structure of evolutionary theory and the roots of autonomy and provincialism are studied, and new problems of functionalism are identified.
The strategy of life : teleology and mechanics in nineteenth-century German biology
1: Vital Materialism.- 2: The Concrete Formulation of the Program: From Vital Materialism to Developmental Morphology.- 3: Teleomechanism and the Cell Theory.- 4: The Functional Morphologists.- 5:
Philosophy of Physics
1 / Philosophy: Beacon or Trap.- 2 / Foundations: Clarity and Order.- 3 / Physical Theory: Overview.- 4 / The Referents of a Physical Theory.- 5 / Quantum Mechanics in Search of its Referent.- 6 /
The GST Challenge to the Classical Philosophies of Science
The great majority of philosophers of science have ignored general systems theories (henceforth GSTs). And those few who have taken notice of GSTs have too often drawn on popularizations and on
Finding philosophy in social science
This book takes a fresh, unorthodox look at the key philosophical concepts and assumptions of the social sciences. Eminent philosopher of science Mario Bunge argues that none of the best known
Methodological problems in evolutionary biology VII. The species plague
Conceptual analysis shows that many of the key terms involved in the thesis that species are individuals rather than sets are ambiguous, and disagreements should dissolve once this is recognized.
Images of Science: Essays on Realism and Empiricism
"Churchland and Hooker have collected ten papers by prominent philosophers of science which challenge van Fraassen's thesis from a variety of realist perspectives. Together with van Fraassen's
Reduction, Hierarchies and Organicism
Discussions of the philosophical issues of reduction, holism, emergence, inter-level explanation, organicism, neovitalism—in other words, of the relations between levels of organisation (both in
Life science, social science and technology
This chapter discusses life science, social science, and technology: from Engineering to Decision Theory, which aims to clarify the role of science and technology in society.
The semantic approach to evolutionary theory
Paul Thompson, John Beatty, and Elisabeth Lloyd argue that attempts to resolve certain conceptual issues within evolutionary biology have failed because of a general adherence to the received view of