• Corpus ID: 2725732

Foundations for Complex Systems Research in the Physical Sciences and Engineering Report from an

  title={Foundations for Complex Systems Research in the Physical Sciences and Engineering Report from an},
  author={Julio M. Ottino},
Science and engineering have long sought principles for the organization and understanding of complex systems. The impetus to study complex systems is driven both by  curiosity as exemplified in the aphorism " the whole is more than the sum of its parts " and  the need to deal with important problems of national interest such as critical infrastructure, sustainability and epidemics. Many complex systems like the power grid, transportation networks and the web demand immediate attention. They… 
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This paper suggests that since SoS is concerned with integration and coordination of multiple systems to act in unison to achieve higher levels of performance, it offers a unique perspective on how the authors might address different concerns at systems level in the CI field.
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The gaps in the current body of knowledge on emergence as it pertains to engineered systems are addressed through research using a methodology that incorporates rationalist inductive methods with modeling & simulation frameworks.
A Governance Perspective for System-of-Systems
The objective of this research is to revisit SoSE utility as a potential multidisciplinary approach and to suggest ‘governance’ as the basis for enabling ‘system-of-systems’ coordination and integration.
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The sensitivity of the critical loading value and of the average cascade size with respect to the coupling parameters defining the interdependency strength is investigated as a means to arrive at the definition and prescription of cascade-safe operating margins.
Patterns, Probabilities, and People: Making Sense of Quantitative Change in Complex Systems
A case is made for attending to and supporting connections between the behavior of complex systems, and the quantitative and mathematical descriptions, to help students make sense of the quantitative patterns and mathematical formalisms used to study these systems.
Catching Critical Transition in Engineered Systems
It is demonstrated that it is feasible to use early warning signals to predict system failures and supporting evidence for the universal existence of critical transition in dynamical systems at multiple scales is provided.
Socio-technical case study method in building performance evaluation
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In order to ensure stable and reliable network operations communication network and service providers have to intelligently manage their budgets. To support this task there is a need for automated


The structure and dynamics of networks
  • M. Newman
  • Computer Science
    Princeton studies in complexity
  • 2006
The degree distribution, twopoint correlations, and clustering are the studied topological properties and an evolution of networks is studied to shed light on the influence the dynamics has on the network topology.
Statistical Mechanics: Entropy, Order Parameters and Complexity
This text distills the core ideas of statistical mechanics to make room for new advances important to information theory, complexity, active matter, and dynamical systems. Chapters address random
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A formal theory of symmetries of networks of coupled dynamical systems, stated in terms of the group of permutations of the nodes that preserve the network topology, has existed for some time.
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The emergent properties of complex systems are far removed from the traditional preoccupation of engineers with design and purpose.
The Symmetry Perspective: From Equilibrium to Chaos in Phase Space and Physical Space
1. Steady-State Bifurcation.- 1.1. Two Examples.- 1.2. Symmetries of Differential Equations.- 1.3. Liapunov-Schmidt Reduction.- 1.4. The Equivariant Branching Lemma.- 1.5. Application to Speciation.-
Geometric diffusions as a tool for harmonic analysis and structure definition of data: multiscale methods.
  • R. Coifman, S. Lafon, S. Zucker
  • Mathematics
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
  • 2005
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