Foundation for a General Strain Theory of Crime and Delinquency

  title={Foundation for a General Strain Theory of Crime and Delinquency},
  author={Robert S. Agnew},
  journal={Crime, Inequality and the State},
  • R. Agnew
  • Published 1 February 1992
  • Law
  • Crime, Inequality and the State
This paper presents a general strain theory of crime and delinquency that is capable of overcoming the criticisms of previous strain theories. In the first section, strain theory is distinguished from social control and differential association/social learning theory. In the second section, the three major types of strain are described: (1) strain as the actual or anticipated failure to achieve positively valued goals, (2) strain as the actual or anticipated removal of positively valued stimuli… 

General Strain Theory of Delinquency : the Developmental Process of Robert Agnew ’ s Works from a Historical Perspective

Extending the studies of Merton (1938; 1957), Cohen (1955), Cloward and Ohlin (1960), Criminologist Robert Agnew has given a new impetus to a fading theory of strain. He brought a new perspective to

General Strain Theory, Peer Rejection, and Delinquency/Crime

The development of general strain theory (GST) has led to a renewed focus on the influence of negative life experiences on antisocial behavior. Although a number of studies have generated an

Specifying the Dynamic Relationships of General Strain, Coping, and Young Adult Crime

Abstract: General strain theory has been tested critically, but the development of the theory has lagged because tests of the full model are rare, and the integration and specification of

Juvenile Delinquency in Kuwait: Applying Social Disorganization Theory

Juvenile delinquency is considered one of the most serious and challenging problems worldwide. Criminology provides a wide array of explanations for delinquency; however, the vast majority of the

Delinquent friends and reactions to strain: an examination of direct and indirect pathways

Abstract: Strain theorists acknowledge that only some strained individuals become involved in delinquency. Thus, a necessary research objective is to determine the conditions under which strain

The empirical status of General Strain Theory: Racial differences in response to strain.

Agnew (1992) argued that interpersonal strain predisposes the individual toward corrective action, which may include involvement in delinquency/crime or drug use. He also states that it may be the

General strain and delinquency: An alternative examination of conditioning influences

One of the key assumptions of Agnew's general strain theory (GST) is that various factors condition the effect of strain on delinquency. Past research examining this question, however, has not

Strain and Juvenile Delinquency: A Critical Review of Agnew's General Strain Theory

The past decades have seen a revived interest for criminological strain theories. Among these theories Agnew's general strain theory (a social psychological interpretation of juvenile delinquency)

Societal Bonding and Delinquency: An Empirical Test of Hirschi's Theory of Control.

Abstract Travis Hirschi's (1969) theory of control has amassed considerable empirical support since its development and has become one of the dominant explanations of delinquent behavior. Control



Causes of Delinquency.

  • T. Hirschi
  • Law, Sociology
    British medical journal
  • 1950
In Causes of Delinquency, Hirschi attempts to state and test a theory of delinquency, seeing in the delinquent a person relatively free of the intimate attachments, the aspirations, and the moral

A Revised Strain Theory of Delinquency

Current strain theories argue that delinquency results from the blockage of goalseeking behavior. Unable to achieve valued goals, individuals become frustrated and may turn to delinquency as a


Contemporary theories of delinquency are seen as limited in three respects: they tend to rely on unidirectional causal structures that represent delinquency in a static rather than dynamic fashion,

An Integrated Theoretical Perspective on Delinquent Behavior

This paper presents an integrated theoretical model of the etiology of delin quent behavior. The proposed model expands and synthesizes strain, social- learning, and social control perspectives into

A longitudinal test of the revised strain theory

Agnew's (1985) revised strain theory argues that delinquency results from the inability to escape legally from painful or aversive situations. There is much indirect support for the theory, with

The Origins of Delinquent Events: An Examination of Offender Accounts

Data from a nationally representative sample of adolescents are used to examine the explanations delinquents offer for engaging in 14 different offenses. Property crimes are committed primarily for


The dominant theories of delinquency tend to view the delinquent as a deprived individual who engages in delinquency because of forces beyond his or her control. This paper challenges that image,

American Delinquency: Its Meaning and Construction

1. How Delinquency is Constructed. PART ONE: THE DISCOVERY OF CHILDHOOD AND THE INVENTION OF DELINQUENCY. 2. From Indifference to Children to the Discovery of Childhood. 3. The Invention of

Discipline and deviance: Physical punishment of children and violence and other crime in adulthood

This paper presents a theoretical model of the antecedents and consequences of the use of physical punishment by parents and teachers and preliminary tests of that theory using data from a variety of

Modeling Offenders' Decisions: A Framework for Research and Policy

Developments in a number of academic disciplines-the sociology of deviance, criminology, economics, psychology-suggest that it is useful to see criminal behavior not as the result of psychologically