Found in Translation

  title={Found in Translation},
  author={N. Rule and Keiko Ishii and N. Ambady and K. Rosen and K. C. Hallett},
  journal={Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin},
  pages={1499 - 1507}
Across cultures, people converge in some behaviors and diverge in others. As little is known about the accuracy of judgments across cultures outside of the domain of emotion recognition, the present study investigated the influence of culture in another area: the social categorization of men’s sexual orientations. Participants from nations varying in their acceptance of homosexuality (United States, Japan, and Spain) categorized the faces of men from all three cultures significantly better than… Expand
The relationship between anti-gay prejudice and the categorization of sexual orientation
Abstract A relatively large literature has demonstrated that sexual orientation can be judged accurately from a variety of minimal cues, including facial appearance. Untested in this work, however,Expand
Accuracy of perceiving social attributes
A wealth of research shows that people can achieve accurate interpersonal judgments of others based on brief observations of their nonverbal cues. Here, we review evidence demonstrating that peopleExpand
The straight categorization bias: A motivated and altruistic reasoning account.
It is proposed that perceivers ascribe heavy consequences to incorrect gay categorization, compelling them to gather and integrate available information in a manner that favors straight categorizations, and provides a new framework for understanding a well-documented but poorly understood response bias in social categorization. Expand
Accuracy in Categorizing Perceptually Ambiguous Groups
  • Konstantin O. Tskhay, N. Rule
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Personality and social psychology review : an official journal of the Society for Personality and Social Psychology, Inc
  • 2013
Overall, the accuracy of identifying targets was significantly better than chance guessing (i.e., 64.5%) and stimulus modality was found to be a moderator of accuracy. Expand
Sexual Orientation Across Culture and Time
Although “gay rights” may be considered a contemporary issue in modern global society, history is replete with accounts of same-sex attraction and sexual behavior across a multitude of Western andExpand
n the relationship between acculturation and intercultural nderstanding : Insight from the Reading the Mind in the yes test .
Previous research has repeatedly demonstrated the importance of culture and cultural identification to interpersonal understanding. We aimed to apply the ideas from this domain to mental stateExpand
Is Gaydar Affected by Attitudes Toward Homosexuality? Confidence, Labeling Bias, and Accuracy
It is found that homosexual men and heterosexual women were more accurate when judging photographs of women as opposed to photographs of men, and in heterosexual men, negative attitudes toward homosexual men predicted confidence and bias when rating men’s photographs. Expand
The relationship between anti-gay prejudice and the categorization of sexual orientation-1-s2.0-S0191886914007661-main
A relatively large literature has demonstrated that sexual orientation can be judged accurately from a variety of minimal cues, including facial appearance. Untested in this work, however, is theExpand
Individual Differences in Perceptions of Gay Men’s Sexual Role Preferences from Facial Cues
It is found that men who have sex with men, like heterosexual perceivers in prior work, perceived gay men’s sexual role preferences accurately and men who self-identified with a receptive (bottom) role were more accurate in their categorizations and male perceivers whoSelf-reported higher levels of masculinity were more likely to categorize other men as bottoms. Expand
Studying Stereotype Accuracy from an Integrative Social‐Personality Perspective
This article proposes an integrative framework for understanding the accuracy and inaccuracy of stereotypes. Specifically, we highlight research issues and traditions from social and personalityExpand


On the universality and cultural specificity of emotion recognition: a meta-analysis.
A meta-analysis examined emotion recognition within and across cultures, finding emotions were universally recognized at better-than-chance levels and cross-cultural accuracy was lower in studies that used a balanced research design, and higher in Studies that used imitation rather than posed or spontaneous emotional expressions. Expand
Polling the face: prediction and consensus across cultures.
Perceivers can reliably infer predictive information from faces but require knowledge about the target's culture to make these predictions accurately, according to the authors. Expand
Cross-cultural consensus in personality judgments.
By correlating target effects based on within-culture zero-acquaintance judgments and cross-cultural photographic judgments, the authors found agreement in the judgments of individuals by members of their own culture and the other culture for both Chinese and Americans. Expand
They don't all look alike: individuated impressions of other racial groups.
Despite the individuated impressions of other-race faces, certain racial stereotypes persisted and Racially universal appearance stereotypes contributed substantially to interracial agreement, which was only marginally lower than intraracial agreement. Expand
Causal attribution across cultures: Variation and universality.
Growing cross-cultural evidence suggests that East Asians are less likely to show the correspondence bias, or a preference for explanations of behavior in terms of traits, dispositions, or otherExpand
When familiarity breeds accuracy: cultural exposure and facial emotion recognition.
Results suggest that the universal affect system governing emotional expression may be characterized by subtle differences in style across cultures, which become more familiar with greater cultural contact. Expand
Brief exposures: Male sexual orientation is accurately perceived at 50 ms
Abstract People have proved adept at categorizing others into social categories, at least when the categorical distinction is perceptually obvious (e.g., age, race, or gender). There remain manyExpand
Culture and the categorization of emotions.
  • J. Russell
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Psychological bulletin
  • 1991
A review of ethnographic and cross-cultural studies on emotion lexicons, the emotions inferred from facial expressions, and dimensions implicit in comparative judgments of emotions indicated both similarities and differences in how the emotions are categorized in different languages and cultures. Expand
Ambiguous Group Membership Is Extracted Automatically From Faces
A lexical decision task was employed in which participants responded to gay and straight verbal associates after the presentation of facial primes to suggest that, like sex, age, and race, information pertaining to male sexual orientation may be extracted automatically from faces. Expand
The Impact of Cultural Background and Cross-Cultural Experience on Impressions of American and Korean Male Speakers
This study tested the hypothesis that people from different cultures would form different trait impressions based on the same vocal qualities and that cross-cultural experience would influence traitExpand