Foul or dive? Motor contributions to judging ambiguous foul situations in football

  title={Foul or dive? Motor contributions to judging ambiguous foul situations in football},
  author={Peter G. Renden and Sander Kerstens and Ra{\^o}ul R. D. Oudejans and Rouwen Ca{\~n}al-Bruland},
  journal={European Journal of Sport Science},
  pages={S221 - S227}
Abstract Football (soccer) referees frequently face situations in which they have to distinguish dives and fouls. Yet, little is known about the contributing factors that characterise the ability to judge these ambiguous situations correctly. To this end, in the current article we tested the hypothesis that motor experience of observers contributes to the visual identification of deceptive actions. Thereto, we asked skilled football referees, skilled football players, wheelchair bounded… 

The Effect of Blurred Perceptual Training on the Decision Making of Skilled Football Referees

A positive change in response accuracy from pre to post-test when compared with normal-footage training is provided a promising indication of the potential efficacy of blurred-Footage training for referees to attune to the kinematic information that characterizes a foul.

Into the Eyes of the Referee: A Comparison of Elite and Sub-Elite Football Referees’ On-Field Visual Search Behaviour when making Foul Judgements

In foul decision-making by football referees, visual search is important for gathering task-specific information to determine whether a foul has occurred. Yet, little is known about the visual search

Judgement bias in predicting the success of one’s own basketball free throws but not those of others

Results revealed that players showed an especial skill judgement bias towards judging balls ‘in’ at the foul line, but not at other distances, and this bias was only present in those who judged the success of their own shots,but not in thoseWho judged the shots performed by someone else.

The Perception of Deceptive Information Can Be Enhanced by Training That Removes Superficial Visual Information

The findings demonstrate that training which conveys only the basic kinematic movements visible in low-SF information may be effective in learning to ‘see-through’ deceptive intent.

To dive or not to dive in the penalty area? The questionable art of deception in soccer

In the current observational study, we aimed to examine the questionable use of the diving act in the penalty area in soccer. The study is based on 339 events in 160 filmed games played in Division 1

Effects of past and current motor experiences as soccer players in decision-making of amateur soccer referees

ABSTRACT The aim of the study was to address the influence of past and current motor experiences as soccer players in a sample of amateur soccer referees when judging ambiguous foul situations

The role of embodied cognition in sports officiating

Sports officials are responsible for the correct enforcement of laws and regulations at sporting competitions and games. To meet these high expectations and making correct judgments and the right

Searching for Judgment Biases Among Elite Basketball Referees

Analyzing the referees’ decisions in 250 instances of collisions between an attacking player and a defender found no evidence of favoritism granted to the home team, to star players, or to high-reputation teams, or of small players being tackled by significantly larger opponents.



Response bias in judging deceptive movements.

Differentiating Experts' Anticipatory Skills in Beach Volleyball

Results showed that expert players and coaches outperformed the expert referees and the control group in the latest occlusion condition (i.e., at spiker-ball contact) and suggest that perceptual-motor expertise may contribute to successful action anticipation in beach volleyball.

Tackling Diving: The Perception of Deceptive Intentions in Association Football (Soccer)

The three studies reported examine judgment about the attempts of footballers (soccer players) to deceptively exaggerate the effect of a tackle. Study one reveals that non-professional participants

Action anticipation and motor resonance in elite basketball players

Results suggest that achieving excellence in sports may be related to the fine-tuning of specific anticipatory 'resonance' mechanisms that endow elite athletes' brains with the ability to predict others' actions ahead of their realization.

Examination of gaze behaviors under in situ and video simulation task constraints reveals differences in information pickup for perception and action

The data suggest that gaze and movement behaviors function differently, depending on the experimental task constraints selected for empirical investigations, and highlight the need for research on perceptual— motor behaviors to be conducted in representative experimental conditions to allow appropriate generalization of conclusions to performance environments.

Action observation and acquired motor skills: an FMRI study with expert dancers.

The results show that this 'mirror system' integrates observed actions of others with an individual's personal motor repertoire, and suggest that the human brain understands actions by motor simulation.